From Placenta to Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome: The Role of Adipokines

Chiara Sartori, Pietro Lazzeroni, Silvia Merli, Viviana Dora Patianna, Francesca Viaroli, Francesca Cirillo, Sergio Amarri, Maria Elisabeth Street

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

Adipokines are cytokines produced mainly by adipose tissue, besides many other tissues such as placenta, ovaries, peripheral-blood mononuclear cells, liver, muscle, kidney, heart, and bone marrow. Adipokines play a significant role in the metabolic syndrome and in cardiovascular diseases, have implications in regulating insulin sensitivity and inflammation, and have significant effects on growth and reproductive function. The objective of this review was to analyze the functions known today of adiponectin, leptin, resistin, and visfatin from placenta throughout childhood and adolescence. It is well known now that their serum concentrations during pregnancy and lactation have long-term effects beyond the fetus and newborn. With regard to puberty, adipokines are involved in the regulation of the relationship between nutritional status and normal physiology or disorders of puberty and altered gonadal function, as, for example, premature pubarche and polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS). Cytokines are involved in the maturation of oocytes and in the regular progression of puberty and pregnancy.

Original languageEnglish
Article number4981916
JournalMediators of Inflammation
Volume2016
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology
  • Cell Biology

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    Sartori, C., Lazzeroni, P., Merli, S., Patianna, V. D., Viaroli, F., Cirillo, F., Amarri, S., & Street, M. E. (2016). From Placenta to Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome: The Role of Adipokines. Mediators of Inflammation, 2016, [4981916]. https://doi.org/10.1155/2016/4981916