Frontal lobe metabolic alterations in autism spectrum disorder: A1h-magnetic resonance spectroscopy study

Lucia Margari, Andrea De Giacomo, Francesco Craig, Roberto Palumbi, Antonia Peschechera, Mariella Margari, Francesca Picardi, Marina Caldarola, Marilena Anna Maghenzani, Franca Dicuonzo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose: Recently, neuroimaging studies were performed using1H-magnetic resonance spectroscopy (1H-MRS), revealing a quantitative alteration of neurochemicals (such as neurotransmitters and metabolites) in several brain regions of patients with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). The involvement of the frontal lobe in the neurobiology of ASD has long been documented in the literature. Therefore, the aim of this study was to analyze the alterations of N-acetylaspartate/creatine (NAA/Cr) and choline/Cr (Cho/Cr) ratios in the frontal lobe subcortical white matter (WM) in ASD patients, in order to reveal any alteration of metabolites that might be the expression of specific clinical features of the disorder. Patients and methods: An1H-MRS study of the frontal lobe subcortical WM was performed in 75 children with ASD and in 50 age-matched controls to evaluate the functional activity of this brain region. Results: NAA/Cr and Cho/Cr ratios were significantly altered in ASD, compared to control subjects. Moreover, in the ASD group, NAA/Cr was significantly lower in patients with a cognitive impairment. Conclusion: Results from this study confirm the existence of brain metabolites’ alterations in frontal lobe WM in children with ASD, supporting the relevance of this brain region in the clinical expressions of this disorder, including its role in the cognitive impairment. Further1H-MRS investigations will allow to comprehensively explain the relationship between metabolic alteration in a specific brain region and specific clinical features of ASD.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1871-1876
Number of pages6
JournalNeuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
Volume14
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2018

Keywords

  • Autism
  • Brain metabolites
  • Cognitive impairment
  • Neurodevelopmental disorder
  • Neuroimaging

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Biological Psychiatry

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Frontal lobe metabolic alterations in autism spectrum disorder: A<sup>1</sup>h-magnetic resonance spectroscopy study'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this