Fronto-limbic disconnection in bipolar disorder

D. Radaelli, G. Sferrazza Papa, B. Vai, S. Poletti, E. Smeraldi, C. Colombo, F. Benedetti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Bipolar disorder (BD) is a severe, disabling and life-threatening illness. Disturbances in emotion and affective processing are core features of the disorder with affective instability being paralleled by mood-congruent biases in information processing that influence evaluative processes and social judgment. Several lines of evidence, coming from neuropsychological and imaging studies, suggest that disrupted neural connectivity could play a role in the mechanistic explanation of these cognitive and emotional symptoms. The aim of the present study is to investigate the effective connectivity in a sample of bipolar patients. Methods: Dynamic causal modeling (DCM) technique was used to study 52 inpatients affected by bipolar disorders consecutively admitted to San Raffaele hospital in Milano and forty healthy subjects. A face-matching task was used as activation paradigm. Results: Patients with BD showed a significantly reduced endogenous connectivity in the DLPFC to Amy connection. There was no significant group effect upon the endogenous connection from Amy to ACC, from ACC to Amy and from DLPFC to ACC. Conclusions: Both DLPFC and ACC are part of a network implicated in emotion regulation and share strong reciprocal connections with the amygdale. The pattern of abnormal or reduced connectivity between DLPFC and amygdala may reflect abnormal modulation of mood and emotion typical of bipolar patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)82-88
Number of pages7
JournalEuropean Psychiatry
Volume30
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2015

Keywords

  • Affective disorders
  • Bipolar disorder
  • Depression
  • Dynamic causal modeling
  • FMRI
  • Neuroimaging

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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