Frontomaxillary and mandibulomaxillary facial angles at 11 + 0 to 13 + 6 weeks in fetuses with trisomy 18

M. Borenstein, N. Persico, I. Strobl, J. Sonek, K. H. Nicolaides

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective: To define the relative position of the maxilla and mandible in fetuses with trisomy 18 at 11 + 0 to 13 + 6 weeks of gestation. Methods: A three-dimensional (3D) volume of the fetal head was obtained before karyotyping at 11 + 0 to 13 + 6 weeks of gestation in 36 fetuses subsequently found to have trisomy 18, and 200 chromosomally normal fetuses. The frontomaxillary facial (FMF) angle and the mandibulomaxillary facial (MMF) angle were measured in a mid-sagittal view of the fetal face. Results: In the chromosomally normal group both the FMF and MMF angles decreased significantly with crown-rump length (CRL). In the trisomy 18 fetuses the FMF angle was significantly greater and the angle was above the 95th centile of the normal range in 21 (58.3%) cases. In contrast, in trisomy 18 fetuses the MMF angle was significantly smaller than that in normal fetuses and the angle was below the 5th centile of the normal range in 12 (33.3%) cases. Conclusions: Trisomy 18 at 11 + 0 to 13 + 6 weeks of gestation is associated with both mid-facial hypoplasia and micrognathia or retrognathia that can be documented by measurement of the FMF angle and MMF angle, respectively.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)928-933
Number of pages6
JournalUltrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology
Volume30
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2007

Keywords

  • 3D ultrasound
  • First-trimester screening
  • Frontomaxillary facial angle
  • Mandible
  • Maxilla
  • Trisomy 18

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynaecology
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Radiological and Ultrasound Technology
  • Reproductive Medicine
  • Acoustics and Ultrasonics

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