Fsn0503h antibody-mediated blockade of cathepsin S as a potential therapeutic strategy for the treatment of solid tumors

Ramiro Vázquez, Lucile Astorgues-Xerri, Mohamed Bekradda, Julie Gormley, Richard Buick, Paul Kerr, Esteban Cvitkovic, Eric Raymond, Maurizio D'Incalci, Roberta Frapolli, María E. Riveiro

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Degradation of extracellular matrix components is a key step in tumor progression, facilitating invasion, angiogenesis, and metastasis. The lysosomal cysteine protease cathepsin S (Cat-S) is a prominent player in this process. We evaluated the antitumor activity of Fsn0503h, the first Cat-S-antagonistic humanized monoclonal antibody, in a panel of cancer cell lines and in human colon carcinoma xenografts. Cat-S was expressed in 11 out of 36 solid tumor-derived cell lines. Fsn0503h significantly reduced the invasive capacity of all Cat-S-expressing cell lines in vitro. This was confirmed by the Cat-S small-molecule inhibitor Z-FL-COCHO, validating the importance of this protease in tumor cell invasiveness. Interestingly, Fsn0503h displayed antiproliferative effects in Cat-S positive and some Cat-S-negative cell lines. We provide the first demonstration of in vivo activity of Fsn0503h against a colorectal tumor xenograft model, with a 10 mg/kg three times a week intravenous schedule being optimal. In conclusion, Fsn0503h not only inhibited the invasiveness of cancer cells in vitro, but also exerted antitumor effects both in vitro and in vivo. These findings validate Cat-S as a therapeutic target, and support the development of Fsn0503h for the therapy of solid tumors.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)101-107
Number of pages7
JournalBiochimie
Volume108
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015

Keywords

  • Cathepsin S
  • Cathepsin S blockade
  • Cell invasiveness
  • Colo-205 xenografts
  • Fsn0503h antibody

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry

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