Two HL60 clones (Cl2 and Cl3) totally insensitive to differentiation induction by dimethylsulfoxide (Me2SO) are described. They have been growing continuously in the presence of the inducer for more than 6 months. The morphological and cytochemical features of the two populations are quite similar to those of the original HL60 cell line, whereas a different karyotype with marked hyperploidy (modal chromosome number of 86 for Cl2 and 82 for Cl3) was detected. An antigenic pattern analogous to that of the native HL60 cell line was found in Cl2 and Cl3 populations using three monoclonal antibodies differently reactive to myeloid cells. Both clones can be induced to differentiate by retinoic acid (RA) and 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol 13-acetate (TPA). The pattern of differentiation was assessed by morphological, cytochemical, phenotypical and functional markers. Differentiation of Cl2 cells by RA and TPA was similar to that observed with native HL60 cells, whereas Cl3 cells showed lower degrees of sensitivity to RA and TPA. The data presented suggest the existence of different mechanisms for induction of differentiation by Me2SO, RA and TPA. In addition, they are in accordance with previous observations of different degrees of inducibility to differentiation among leukemic cell populations in culture.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cell Biology