Functional and Surgical Anatomy of the Upper Limb: What the Radiologist Needs to Know

Maria Pilar Aparisi Gómez, Francisco Aparisi, Giuseppe Battista, Giuseppe Guglielmi, Cesare Faldini, Alberto Bazzocchi

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article


The anatomy of the upper limb is complex and allows for exceptional functionality. The movements of the joints of the shoulder, elbow, and wrist represent a complex dynamic interaction of muscles, ligaments, and bony articulations. A solid understanding and of the characteristics and reciprocal actions of the anatomic elements of the joints of the upper limb helps explain the mechanisms and patterns of injury. This article focuses on the anatomy and functionality of the shoulder, elbow, and wrist, with emphasis on the stabilizing mechanisms, to set the foundation for understanding the occurrence of pathologic conditions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)857-881
Number of pages25
JournalRadiologic Clinics of North America
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2019



  • Anatomy
  • Elbow
  • Joints
  • Shoulder
  • Stability
  • Wrist

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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