Objectives: To present an international literature revision on neuromuscular changes caused by the functional appliance Andreasen and to compare the different hypothesis. Materials and methods: A systematic revision of the literature on correlation between the use of functional appliance Andreasen, and the following neuromuscular changes has been done on Medline database. Keywords chosen were: "emg and functional appliances", "emg and Andreasen activator", "class II malocclusions". Among articles, that ones published between 1966 and 2011 were considered. Results: The international literature presents a lot of studies dealing with the neuromuscular effects caused by functional appliances. There are many and conflicting hypothesis, however the exact theory is not clear yet. Conclusions: On the scientific evidences present in literature it is possible to conclude that, whatever functional appliance is used, there is always a neuromuscular adaptation.
|Translated title of the contribution||Functional appliance Andreasen and electromyographic evalutations. A literature review|
|Number of pages||7|
|Publication status||Published - Nov 2012|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Oral Surgery