Apparecchiatura funzionale Andreasen e riscontri elettromiografici. Revisione della letteratura

Translated title of the contribution: Functional appliance Andreasen and electromyographic evalutations. A literature review

Cinzia Maspero, L. Giannini, G. Galbiati, G. Sesso

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Objectives: To present an international literature revision on neuromuscular changes caused by the functional appliance Andreasen and to compare the different hypothesis. Materials and methods: A systematic revision of the literature on correlation between the use of functional appliance Andreasen, and the following neuromuscular changes has been done on Medline database. Keywords chosen were: "emg and functional appliances", "emg and Andreasen activator", "class II malocclusions". Among articles, that ones published between 1966 and 2011 were considered. Results: The international literature presents a lot of studies dealing with the neuromuscular effects caused by functional appliances. There are many and conflicting hypothesis, however the exact theory is not clear yet. Conclusions: On the scientific evidences present in literature it is possible to conclude that, whatever functional appliance is used, there is always a neuromuscular adaptation.

Translated title of the contributionFunctional appliance Andreasen and electromyographic evalutations. A literature review
Original languageItalian
Pages (from-to)491-497
Number of pages7
JournalDental Cadmos
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2012

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthodontics
  • Oral Surgery


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