Functional characterization of the novel mutation IVS 8 (-11delC) (-14T>A) in the intron 8 of the glucocerebrosidase gene of two Italian siblings with Gaucher disease type I

Maurizio Romano, Giorgia M. Danek, Francisco E. Baralle, Raffaella Mazzotti, Mirella Filocamo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Gaucher disease, the most common glycolipid storage disease, can be caused by a large variety of mutations. We report here the identification and characterization of a novel mutation in the human glucocerebrosidase gene, IVS 8 (-11delC) (-14T>A), in two siblings with Gaucher disease type I which occurs within the 3' end of intron 8. Both siblings were compound heterozygotes for the IVS 8 (-11delC) (-14T>A) mutation and for the c.626 G>C (R170P) substitution within exon 6. No mRNA species carrying the IVS 8 (-11delC) (-14T>A) mutation were detected by RT-PCR analysis of the RNA extracted from the patients' fibroblasts. To study the possible effects of the IVS 8 (-11delC) (-14T>A) sequence alteration on the splicing of the proximal exon 9, we have established an in vitro system generating a minigene carrying the genomic region of human glucocerebrosidase spanning from exon 8 to exon 10. Transfections into the human Hep3B cell line of the wild-type construct resulted in the expression of mRNA with the glucocerebrosidase exons correctly spliced. On the contrary, transfections of the construct carrying the IVS 8 (-11delC) (-14T>A) mutation resulted in the expression of mRNA with an 11-bp insertion located between the end of exon 8 and the beginning of exon 9. These results indicated that the 5243T>A substitution created a new 3' splice site 11 bp upstream of the wild-type one, leading to the incorporation into the mRNA of these extra 11 bases. Moreover, the new 3' splice site created by this 5243T>A transversion was preferred over the wild-type one in 100% of cases. The in vitro studies suggest that, in the patients, the 11-bp inclusion causes a shift in the reading frame with the generation of a stop codon after codon 388 which undergoes early degradation. (C) 2000 Academic Press.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)171-176
Number of pages6
JournalBlood cells, molecules & diseases
Volume26
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2000

Fingerprint

Glucosylceramidase
Gaucher Disease
Introns
Siblings
Exons
Mutation
Genes
Messenger RNA
RNA Splice Sites
Transfection
Reading Frames
Terminator Codon
Glycolipids
Heterozygote
Codon
Fibroblasts
RNA
Cell Line
Polymerase Chain Reaction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Molecular Medicine
  • Hematology

Cite this

Functional characterization of the novel mutation IVS 8 (-11delC) (-14T>A) in the intron 8 of the glucocerebrosidase gene of two Italian siblings with Gaucher disease type I. / Romano, Maurizio; Danek, Giorgia M.; Baralle, Francisco E.; Mazzotti, Raffaella; Filocamo, Mirella.

In: Blood cells, molecules & diseases, Vol. 26, No. 3, 2000, p. 171-176.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "Gaucher disease, the most common glycolipid storage disease, can be caused by a large variety of mutations. We report here the identification and characterization of a novel mutation in the human glucocerebrosidase gene, IVS 8 (-11delC) (-14T>A), in two siblings with Gaucher disease type I which occurs within the 3' end of intron 8. Both siblings were compound heterozygotes for the IVS 8 (-11delC) (-14T>A) mutation and for the c.626 G>C (R170P) substitution within exon 6. No mRNA species carrying the IVS 8 (-11delC) (-14T>A) mutation were detected by RT-PCR analysis of the RNA extracted from the patients' fibroblasts. To study the possible effects of the IVS 8 (-11delC) (-14T>A) sequence alteration on the splicing of the proximal exon 9, we have established an in vitro system generating a minigene carrying the genomic region of human glucocerebrosidase spanning from exon 8 to exon 10. Transfections into the human Hep3B cell line of the wild-type construct resulted in the expression of mRNA with the glucocerebrosidase exons correctly spliced. On the contrary, transfections of the construct carrying the IVS 8 (-11delC) (-14T>A) mutation resulted in the expression of mRNA with an 11-bp insertion located between the end of exon 8 and the beginning of exon 9. These results indicated that the 5243T>A substitution created a new 3' splice site 11 bp upstream of the wild-type one, leading to the incorporation into the mRNA of these extra 11 bases. Moreover, the new 3' splice site created by this 5243T>A transversion was preferred over the wild-type one in 100{\%} of cases. The in vitro studies suggest that, in the patients, the 11-bp inclusion causes a shift in the reading frame with the generation of a stop codon after codon 388 which undergoes early degradation. (C) 2000 Academic Press.",
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AB - Gaucher disease, the most common glycolipid storage disease, can be caused by a large variety of mutations. We report here the identification and characterization of a novel mutation in the human glucocerebrosidase gene, IVS 8 (-11delC) (-14T>A), in two siblings with Gaucher disease type I which occurs within the 3' end of intron 8. Both siblings were compound heterozygotes for the IVS 8 (-11delC) (-14T>A) mutation and for the c.626 G>C (R170P) substitution within exon 6. No mRNA species carrying the IVS 8 (-11delC) (-14T>A) mutation were detected by RT-PCR analysis of the RNA extracted from the patients' fibroblasts. To study the possible effects of the IVS 8 (-11delC) (-14T>A) sequence alteration on the splicing of the proximal exon 9, we have established an in vitro system generating a minigene carrying the genomic region of human glucocerebrosidase spanning from exon 8 to exon 10. Transfections into the human Hep3B cell line of the wild-type construct resulted in the expression of mRNA with the glucocerebrosidase exons correctly spliced. On the contrary, transfections of the construct carrying the IVS 8 (-11delC) (-14T>A) mutation resulted in the expression of mRNA with an 11-bp insertion located between the end of exon 8 and the beginning of exon 9. These results indicated that the 5243T>A substitution created a new 3' splice site 11 bp upstream of the wild-type one, leading to the incorporation into the mRNA of these extra 11 bases. Moreover, the new 3' splice site created by this 5243T>A transversion was preferred over the wild-type one in 100% of cases. The in vitro studies suggest that, in the patients, the 11-bp inclusion causes a shift in the reading frame with the generation of a stop codon after codon 388 which undergoes early degradation. (C) 2000 Academic Press.

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