Functional disability of mental disorders and comparison with physical disorders: A study among the general population of six European countries

M. A. Buist-Bouwman, R. De Graaf, W. A M Vollebergh, J. Alonso, R. Bruffaerts, J. Ormel, Matthias Angermeyer, Sebastian Bernert, Traolach S. Brugha, Giovanni De Girolamo, Koen Demyttenaere, Isabelle Gasquet, Josep Maria Haro, Steven J. Katz, Ronald C. Kessler, Viviane Kovess, Jean Pierre Lépine, Gabriella Polidori, Gemma Vilagut

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective: To examine the association of mental and physical disorders with multiple domains of functioning and compare the two. Method: Data were derived from the European Study of the Epidemiology of Mental Disorders, a general population study in which adults (n > 21 000) from Belgium, France, Germany, Italy, the Netherlands and Spain were assessed using the Composite International Diagnostic Interview (mental disorders), World Health Organization Disability Assessment Schedule second edition (functional disability) and self-report (physical disorders). Means in different groups were compared using the Mann-Whitney U-test and multiple regression analyses. Results: Mental disorders were related to disability in all domains of functioning: anxiety disorders the most, followed by mood disorders, and finally alcohol disorders. The findings suggest that mental disorders are associated with similar or higher levels of disability in all domains, except getting around, than arthritis and heart disease. Conclusion: Mental disorders are associated with a similar or higher negative impact on daily functioning than arthritis and heart disease.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)492-500
Number of pages9
JournalActa Psychiatrica Scandinavica
Volume113
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2006

Keywords

  • Anxiety disorders
  • Arthritis
  • Heart diseases
  • Mood disorders
  • Substance-related disorders

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Neuroscience(all)

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