Functional effects of d-Phe-c[Cys-Tyr-d-Trp-Lys-Val-Cys]-Trp-NH2 and differential changes in somatostatin receptor messenger RNAs, binding sites and somatostatin release in kainic acid-treated rats

J. Pérez, A. Vezzani, G. Civenni, P. Tutka, M. Rizzi, E. Schüpbach, D. Hoyer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

In situ hybridization histochemistry for somatostatin receptors-1, -2, -3 and -4§ and receptor autoradiography using [125I]CGP 23996, [125I]somatostatin-28, [125I]seglitide and [125I]Tyr3 octreotide were carried out to determine the expression of somatostatin receptor messenger RNAs and binding sites in the hippocampus and cerebral cortex of rats 21 days following generalized limbic seizures induced by subcutaneous injection of 12 mg/kg kainic acid. In control rats, somatostatin-1 to somatostatin-4 receptor messenger RNAs were found in the pyramidal layer and granule cell layer of the dentate gyrus. After kainate treatment, the CA1 subfield displayed a selective decrease in somatostatin-3 and somatostatin-4 receptor hybridization signals of 35 and 41%, respectively, whereas no changes were observed in the remaining hippocampal areas. Somatostatin-1 and somatostatin-2 receptor messenger RNA expression in the hippocampus remained unaffected by kainate treatment. No effect of kainate was observed in the expression of somatostatin receptor messenger RNAs in the cerebral cortex. In control rats, the selective somatostatin-2 receptor ligands, [125I]seglitide and [125I]Tyr3 octreotide and the non-selective somatostatin receptor ligands [125I]CGP 23996 and [125I]somatostatin-28, labelled preferentially the stratum oriens and radiatum CA1, the granule and molecular layers of the dentate gyrus and the deep layers of the cerebral cortex. [125I]somatostatin-28 and [125I]CGP 23996 labelled sites were selectively decreased by 32 and 39%, respectively, in the stratum radiatum CA1 after kainate treatment. [125I]CGP 23996 binding was also decreased by 35% in the stratum oriens CA1 and by 36% on average in the stratum oriens and radiatum CA3. [125I]seglitide and [125I]Tyr3 octreotide binding was not affected by kainate in any hippocampal region. The granule and molecular layers of the hippocampus and the layers IV-VI of the cerebral cortex did not show changes in binding sites for any of the radioligands analysed. A 18 and 35% decrease in the spontaneous and 50 mM KCl-induced somatostatin release from hippocampal slices was found two days after kainate, a likely reflection of neuronal cell loss. No differences in somatostatin release were observed 21 days after kainate treatment. At this latter time, the rats had an enhanced susceptibility to tonic-clonic seizures induced by intraperitoneal injection of 30 mg/kg pentylenetetrazol, a subconvulsant dose in naive rats. Bilateral infusion of 6 μg RC 160, a selective somatostatin-2 receptor agonist, in the dentate gyrus 21 days after kainate, significantly reduced (P <0.05) the number of animals with tonic-clonic seizures induced by pentylenetetrazol. This study shows differential changes in the expression of somatostatin receptor messenger RNAs, binding sites and somatostatin release in the rat hippocampus after a convulsant dose of kainate. Our data suggest (1) that spared somatostatin neurons in the hippocampus are functionally activated subsequently to kainate treatment and (2) that somatostatin-2 receptors in the granule and molecular layers of the dentate gyrus are involved in the protective action of RC 160 on chronic seizure susceptibility resulting from kainate treatment.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1087-1097
Number of pages11
JournalNeuroscience
Volume65
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1995

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cysteinyltyrosine
Dilatation and Curettage
Somatostatin Receptors
Kainic Acid
Somatostatin
Binding Sites
Messenger RNA
seglitide
Somatostatin-28
Dentate Gyrus
Hippocampus
Cerebral Cortex
Octreotide
Seizures
Hippocampal CA1 Region
Pentylenetetrazole
Therapeutics
Hippocampal CA3 Region
Ligands
Convulsants

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)

Cite this

Functional effects of d-Phe-c[Cys-Tyr-d-Trp-Lys-Val-Cys]-Trp-NH2 and differential changes in somatostatin receptor messenger RNAs, binding sites and somatostatin release in kainic acid-treated rats. / Pérez, J.; Vezzani, A.; Civenni, G.; Tutka, P.; Rizzi, M.; Schüpbach, E.; Hoyer, D.

In: Neuroscience, Vol. 65, No. 4, 1995, p. 1087-1097.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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title = "Functional effects of d-Phe-c[Cys-Tyr-d-Trp-Lys-Val-Cys]-Trp-NH2 and differential changes in somatostatin receptor messenger RNAs, binding sites and somatostatin release in kainic acid-treated rats",
abstract = "In situ hybridization histochemistry for somatostatin receptors-1, -2, -3 and -4§ and receptor autoradiography using [125I]CGP 23996, [125I]somatostatin-28, [125I]seglitide and [125I]Tyr3 octreotide were carried out to determine the expression of somatostatin receptor messenger RNAs and binding sites in the hippocampus and cerebral cortex of rats 21 days following generalized limbic seizures induced by subcutaneous injection of 12 mg/kg kainic acid. In control rats, somatostatin-1 to somatostatin-4 receptor messenger RNAs were found in the pyramidal layer and granule cell layer of the dentate gyrus. After kainate treatment, the CA1 subfield displayed a selective decrease in somatostatin-3 and somatostatin-4 receptor hybridization signals of 35 and 41{\%}, respectively, whereas no changes were observed in the remaining hippocampal areas. Somatostatin-1 and somatostatin-2 receptor messenger RNA expression in the hippocampus remained unaffected by kainate treatment. No effect of kainate was observed in the expression of somatostatin receptor messenger RNAs in the cerebral cortex. In control rats, the selective somatostatin-2 receptor ligands, [125I]seglitide and [125I]Tyr3 octreotide and the non-selective somatostatin receptor ligands [125I]CGP 23996 and [125I]somatostatin-28, labelled preferentially the stratum oriens and radiatum CA1, the granule and molecular layers of the dentate gyrus and the deep layers of the cerebral cortex. [125I]somatostatin-28 and [125I]CGP 23996 labelled sites were selectively decreased by 32 and 39{\%}, respectively, in the stratum radiatum CA1 after kainate treatment. [125I]CGP 23996 binding was also decreased by 35{\%} in the stratum oriens CA1 and by 36{\%} on average in the stratum oriens and radiatum CA3. [125I]seglitide and [125I]Tyr3 octreotide binding was not affected by kainate in any hippocampal region. The granule and molecular layers of the hippocampus and the layers IV-VI of the cerebral cortex did not show changes in binding sites for any of the radioligands analysed. A 18 and 35{\%} decrease in the spontaneous and 50 mM KCl-induced somatostatin release from hippocampal slices was found two days after kainate, a likely reflection of neuronal cell loss. No differences in somatostatin release were observed 21 days after kainate treatment. At this latter time, the rats had an enhanced susceptibility to tonic-clonic seizures induced by intraperitoneal injection of 30 mg/kg pentylenetetrazol, a subconvulsant dose in naive rats. Bilateral infusion of 6 μg RC 160, a selective somatostatin-2 receptor agonist, in the dentate gyrus 21 days after kainate, significantly reduced (P <0.05) the number of animals with tonic-clonic seizures induced by pentylenetetrazol. This study shows differential changes in the expression of somatostatin receptor messenger RNAs, binding sites and somatostatin release in the rat hippocampus after a convulsant dose of kainate. Our data suggest (1) that spared somatostatin neurons in the hippocampus are functionally activated subsequently to kainate treatment and (2) that somatostatin-2 receptors in the granule and molecular layers of the dentate gyrus are involved in the protective action of RC 160 on chronic seizure susceptibility resulting from kainate treatment.",
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T1 - Functional effects of d-Phe-c[Cys-Tyr-d-Trp-Lys-Val-Cys]-Trp-NH2 and differential changes in somatostatin receptor messenger RNAs, binding sites and somatostatin release in kainic acid-treated rats

AU - Pérez, J.

AU - Vezzani, A.

AU - Civenni, G.

AU - Tutka, P.

AU - Rizzi, M.

AU - Schüpbach, E.

AU - Hoyer, D.

PY - 1995

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N2 - In situ hybridization histochemistry for somatostatin receptors-1, -2, -3 and -4§ and receptor autoradiography using [125I]CGP 23996, [125I]somatostatin-28, [125I]seglitide and [125I]Tyr3 octreotide were carried out to determine the expression of somatostatin receptor messenger RNAs and binding sites in the hippocampus and cerebral cortex of rats 21 days following generalized limbic seizures induced by subcutaneous injection of 12 mg/kg kainic acid. In control rats, somatostatin-1 to somatostatin-4 receptor messenger RNAs were found in the pyramidal layer and granule cell layer of the dentate gyrus. After kainate treatment, the CA1 subfield displayed a selective decrease in somatostatin-3 and somatostatin-4 receptor hybridization signals of 35 and 41%, respectively, whereas no changes were observed in the remaining hippocampal areas. Somatostatin-1 and somatostatin-2 receptor messenger RNA expression in the hippocampus remained unaffected by kainate treatment. No effect of kainate was observed in the expression of somatostatin receptor messenger RNAs in the cerebral cortex. In control rats, the selective somatostatin-2 receptor ligands, [125I]seglitide and [125I]Tyr3 octreotide and the non-selective somatostatin receptor ligands [125I]CGP 23996 and [125I]somatostatin-28, labelled preferentially the stratum oriens and radiatum CA1, the granule and molecular layers of the dentate gyrus and the deep layers of the cerebral cortex. [125I]somatostatin-28 and [125I]CGP 23996 labelled sites were selectively decreased by 32 and 39%, respectively, in the stratum radiatum CA1 after kainate treatment. [125I]CGP 23996 binding was also decreased by 35% in the stratum oriens CA1 and by 36% on average in the stratum oriens and radiatum CA3. [125I]seglitide and [125I]Tyr3 octreotide binding was not affected by kainate in any hippocampal region. The granule and molecular layers of the hippocampus and the layers IV-VI of the cerebral cortex did not show changes in binding sites for any of the radioligands analysed. A 18 and 35% decrease in the spontaneous and 50 mM KCl-induced somatostatin release from hippocampal slices was found two days after kainate, a likely reflection of neuronal cell loss. No differences in somatostatin release were observed 21 days after kainate treatment. At this latter time, the rats had an enhanced susceptibility to tonic-clonic seizures induced by intraperitoneal injection of 30 mg/kg pentylenetetrazol, a subconvulsant dose in naive rats. Bilateral infusion of 6 μg RC 160, a selective somatostatin-2 receptor agonist, in the dentate gyrus 21 days after kainate, significantly reduced (P <0.05) the number of animals with tonic-clonic seizures induced by pentylenetetrazol. This study shows differential changes in the expression of somatostatin receptor messenger RNAs, binding sites and somatostatin release in the rat hippocampus after a convulsant dose of kainate. Our data suggest (1) that spared somatostatin neurons in the hippocampus are functionally activated subsequently to kainate treatment and (2) that somatostatin-2 receptors in the granule and molecular layers of the dentate gyrus are involved in the protective action of RC 160 on chronic seizure susceptibility resulting from kainate treatment.

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