Functional properties of neurons derived from fetal mouse neurospheres are compatible with those of neuronal precursors in vivo

Francesca Pagani, Clotilde Lauro, Sergio Fucile, Myriam Catalano, Cristina Limatola, Fabrizio Eusebi, Francesca Grassi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Neural stem cells can be propagated in culture as neurospheres, yielding neurons and glial cells upon differentiation. Although the neurosphere model is widely used, the functional properties of the neurosphere-derived neurons have been only partially characterized, and it is unclear whether repeated passaging alters their functional properties. In this study, we analyzed voltage- and transmitter-gated responses in neuron-like cells obtained by differentiating fetal mouse neurospheres at increasing passages in culture. We report that neurons fire overshooting action potentials in response to depolarizing currents up to passage 10 but loose this capability at later passages, as the density of voltage-gated Na+ and K+ currents decreases. In contrast, the immunoreactivity for the neuronal marker β-tubulin remains unaltered up to passage 21, indicating that this marker is not representative of cell function. In almost all neurons, γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA) evoked bicuculline-sensitive whole-cell currents, resulting from the activation of GABAA receptors, which appeared to be excitatory, insofar as the reversal potential of GABA-gated current was about -50 mV. Much smaller currents were elicited by the glutamatergic agonist AMPA, and only occasional responses to glycine were detected. In these functional aspects, neurosphere-derived neurons are similar to immature neurons differentiating in vivo. Therefore, at least for a limited number of passages in vitro, neurospheres provide an adequate model of in vivo neurogenesis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1494-1501
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Neuroscience Research
Volume83
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2006

Keywords

  • GABA (A) receptors
  • Neuronal differentiation
  • Stem cells

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)

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