Functional significance of exaggerated renal thromboxane A2 synthesis induced by cyclosporin A

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Abstract

Animals and humans undergoing a chronic treatment with cyclosporin A (CyA) show a reduction in glomerular filtration rate (GFR). The cause of this abnormality has not been established. Since CyA interferes with arachidonic acid (AA) metabolism in various cells, we wished to determine whether alterations in renal AA metabolites contribute to deteriorating renal function in rats on CyA. We show that chronic CyA treatment induces a progressive increase in the renal synthesis of thromboxane (TX) A2. This is a selective abnormality in that CyA does not influence the renal synthesis of prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) and prostacyclin (PGI2). A significant negative correlation has been found between TXB2 urinary excretion rate and inulin clearance. No correlation has been observed between TXB2 excretion and p-aminohippuric acid clearance. The withdrawal of CyA is followed by a normalization of both TXB2 urinary excretion rate and GFR. The administration of a selective TXA2 inhibitor, UK-38,485, resulted in a significant reduction in urinary excretion of TXB2 accompanied by a significant increase in GFR. We conclude that chronic treatment with CyA in rats is associated with a selective increase in renal TXA2 synthesis and suggest that this abnormality may play a role in the reduction of GFR.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAmerican Journal of Physiology - Renal Fluid and Electrolyte Physiology
Volume251
Edition4
Publication statusPublished - 1986

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Perico, N., Benigni, A., Zoja, C., Delaini, F., & Remuzzi, G. (1986). Functional significance of exaggerated renal thromboxane A2 synthesis induced by cyclosporin A. In American Journal of Physiology - Renal Fluid and Electrolyte Physiology (4 ed., Vol. 251)