Functionalization of ceramic coatings for enhancing integration in osteoporotic bone: A systematic review

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Background: The success of reconstructive orthopaedic surgery strongly depends on the mechanical and biological integration between the prosthesis and the host bone tissue. Progressive population ageing with increased frequency of altered bone metabolism conditions requires new strategies for ensuring an early implant fixation and long-term stability. Ceramic materials and ceramic-based coatings, owing to the release of calcium phosphate and to the precipitation of a biological apatite at the bone-implant interface, are able to promote a strong bonding between the host bone and the implant. Methods: The aim of the present systematic review is the analysis of the existing literature on the functionalization strategies for improving the implant osteointegration in osteoporotic bone and their relative translation into the clinical practice. The review process, conducted on two electronic databases, identified 47 eligible preclinical studies and 5 clinical trials. Results: Preclinical data analysis showed that functionalization with both organic and inorganic molecules usually improves osseointegration in the osteoporotic condition, assessed mainly in rodent models. Clinical studies, mainly retrospective, have tested no functionalization strategies. Registered trademarks materials have been investigated and there is lack of information about the micro- or nano- topography of ceramics. Conclusions: Ceramic materials/coatings functionalization obtained promising results in improving implant osseointegration even in osteoporotic conditions but preclinical evidence has not been fully translated to clinical applications.

Original languageEnglish
Article number312
Pages (from-to)1-33
Number of pages33
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - May 1 2019


  • Animal model
  • Bone metabolism
  • Ceramic materials
  • Coatings
  • Functionalization
  • Osteointegration
  • Osteoporosis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Materials Chemistry
  • Surfaces and Interfaces


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