Functioning and disability in traumatic brain injury

Olga Svestkova, Yvona Angerova, Petra Sladkova, Jerome Edmond Bickenbach, Alberto Raggi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose. To describe functioning and disability in patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI) according to the model endorsed by the International Classification of Functioning Disability and Health (ICF). Methods. Adult patients with acquired TBI were consecutively enrolled. The Functional Independence Measure (FIM), the WHO Disability Assessment Schedule II (WHO-DAS II) and the ICF checklist were administered in individual sessions. Descriptive analyses were performed to report on FIM and WHO-DAS II scores. ICF categories reported as a problem by more than 20% of patients were described in detail. Results. One hundred patients (66 males, mean age 36.1) were enrolled. Mean WHO-DAS II score was 16.8, mean FIM was 116.5 and 87 ICF categories were selected: 27 Body Functions (mainly mental and movement-related) and Structures, 43 Activities and Participation (mainly connected with mobility) and 17 Environmental Factors. Negligible difference between capacity and performance qualifiers was observed. Conclusions. The ICF can be successfully implemented in clinical and rehabilitation of patients with TBI, because it enables to describe the variety of problems they encounter: ICF-derived data provide a holistic view of disability and enable the impact of service interventions on functioning and participation, and enable clinicians to tailor intervention according to patient's actual needs.

Original languageEnglish
JournalDisability and Rehabilitation
Volume32
Issue numberSUPPL. 1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010

Keywords

  • disability
  • FIM
  • ICF checklist
  • ICF classification
  • Traumatic brain injury
  • WHO-DAS II

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Rehabilitation

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