Fundamental concepts and novel aspects of polycystic ovarian syndrome: Expert consensus resolutions

Antonio Aversa, Sandro La Vignera, Rocco Rago, Alessandra Gambineri, Rossella E. Nappi, Aldo E. Calogero, Alberto Ferlin

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a very common endocrine and metabolic disorder with the involvement of both genetic and environmental factors. Although much has been clarified on its pathogenesis, diagnosis, clinical manifestations, and therapy, there are still areas of uncertainty. To address fundamental concepts, novel aspects and hypotheses, and future perspectives, including the possible additional benefits of treatment with nutraceuticals, an expert consensus panel formed by endocrinologists and gynecologists was established. After an independent review of the literature, the panel convened electronically on February 3, 2020, and six resolutions were created, debated, and agreed upon discussion, and finally approved in their final formin a consensus livestreammeeting held on April 15. The summary of the resolutions are: (1) PCOS is a well-established medical condition that negatively affects reproduction, general health, sexual health, and quality of life; (2) the symptoms and signs of PCOS appear early in life especially in female newborns from PCOS carriers; (3) women with PCOS have significantly increased risk of pregnancy-related complications including gestational diabetesmellitus; (4) amale PCOS equivalent exists, and it may impact on metabolic health and probably on reproduction; (5) the evidence supports that medical therapy for PCOS is effective, rational, and evidence-based; (6) the evidence supports a major research initiative to explore possible benefits of nutraceutical therapy for PCOS. The proposed resolutions may be regarded as points of agreement based on the current scientific evidence available.

Original languageEnglish
Article number516
JournalFrontiers in Endocrinology
Publication statusPublished - 2020


  • Consensus
  • Male PCOS
  • Medical therapy
  • Nutraceuticals
  • PCOS
  • PCOS carriers

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism


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