Fyn Tyrosine Kinase Elicits Amyloid Precursor Protein Tyr682 Phosphorylation in Neurons from Alzheimer's Disease Patients

Filomena Iannuzzi, Rossana Sirabella, Nadia Canu, Thorsten J. Maier, Lucio Annunziato, Carmela Matrone

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Alzheimer's disease (AD) is an incurable neurodegenerative disorder with a few early detection strategies. We previously proposed the amyloid precursor protein (APP) tyrosine 682 (Tyr682) residue as a valuable target for the development of new innovative pharmacologic or diagnostic interventions in AD. Indeed, when APP is phosphorylated at Tyr682, it is forced into acidic neuronal compartments where it is processed to generate neurotoxic amyloid β peptides. Of interest, Fyn tyrosine kinase (TK) interaction with APP Tyr682 residue increases in AD neurons. Here we proved that when Fyn TK was overexpressed it elicited APP Tyr682 phosphorylation in neurons from healthy donors and promoted the amyloidogenic APP processing with Aβ peptides accumulation and neuronal death. Phosphorylation of APP at Tyr (pAPP-Tyr) increased in neurons of AD patients and AD neurons that exhibited high pAPP-Tyr also had higher Fyn TK activity. Fyn TK inhibition abolished the pAPP-Tyr and reduced Aβ42 secretion in AD neurons. In addition, the multidomain adaptor protein Fe65 controlled the Fyn-mediated pAPP-Tyr, warranting the possibility of targeting the Fe65-APP-Fyn pathway to develop innovative strategies in AD. Altogether, these results strongly emphasize the relevance of focusing on pAPP Tyr682 either for diagnostic purposes, as an early biomarker of the disease, or for pharmacological targeting, using Fyn TKI.

Original languageEnglish
JournalCells
Volume9
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 30 2020

Keywords

  • amyloid beta
  • amyloid precursor protein
  • Fyn tyrosine kinase
  • Tyr682 residue
  • YENPTY domain

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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