G6PD Haplotypes Spanning Xq28 from F8C to Red/Green Color Vision

S. Filosa, V. Calabrò, G. Lania, T. J. Vulliamy, C. Brancati, A. Tagarelli, L. Luzzatto, G. Martini

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The most telomeric region of the human X chomosome within band Xq28 consists of a gene-rich region of about 3 Mb which contains the genes for coagulation factor VIIIc, glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD), and red/green color vision. We have studied five polymorphic sites from this region, in a sample of normal people from the Cosenza province of Southern Italy. These sites, which span a distance of some 350 kb, are in strong linkage disequilibrium. Of the 32 possible haplotypes only 10 were found, and 4 of these account for 80% of all X chromosomes analyzed. In addition, we found that all G6PD-deficient people with the G6PD Mediterranean mutation belong to only two haplotypes. One of these (Med 1) is found only within a small subregion of the area investigated, west of the Appennine mountain range. Most remarkably, all Med 1 G6PD-deficient individuals also had red/green color blindness. The more frequent haplotype (Med 2) is the same in Calabria and in Sardinia, where it accounts for about 90% of the G6PD Mediterranean mutations, despite the fact that gene flow between the populations of Sardinia and Southern Italy must have been limited. These data do not enable us to determine whether the two types of G6PD Mediterranean have arisen through two separate identical mutational events or through a single mutational event followed by recombination. However, the data indicate relatively little recombination over an extended region of the X chromosome and they suggest that the G6PD Mediterranean mutation is recent by comparison to the other polymorphisms investigated.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6-14
Number of pages9
JournalGenomics
Volume17
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 1993

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics

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