Two new glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD), D-glucose-6-phosphate: NADP oxido reductase, E.C. 22.214.171.124) variants, designated G6PD Napoli and G6PD Ferrara II, are described in propositi from two unrelated families. Characterization side by side of the two variants according to W.H.O. recommendations reveals minor differences which are mostly related to utilization of artificial substrates (increased in both cases as compared with normal G6PD type B). Other properties, which are not significantly distinctive between the two variants, are an enzyme activity amounting to nearly 20% of normal, a decreased electrophoretic mobility, decreased K(m) values for glucose-6-phosphate and NADP, normal thermostability and biphasic pH curves. However, marked differences emerged between the two variants and between either variant and G6PD B as well, when a number of microtechniques were used. These were: (1) the half-lives of G6PD Napoli and G6PD Ferrara II are 16 and 29 days, respectively, while that of G6PD B is 63 days; (2) the specific activities, measured by a method involving direct estimation of G6PD protein on sodium dodecyl sulphate polyacrylamide gel electrophoretic tracings, are 166 I.U./mg (G6PD Napoli) and 59 I.U./mg (G6PD Ferrara II), as compared with normal value of 180 I.U./mg (G6PD B). On the whole, these findings allow the conclusion that the deficiency of catalytic activity is related to an accelerated though distinctive decay of both mutant enzyme proteins within the affected erythrocytes and that a significant impairment of catalytic efficiency is also involved, as a result of the underlying structural mutation in the case of G6PD Ferrara II.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||British Journal of Haematology|
|Publication status||Published - 1981|
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