Gabexate mesilate and antithrombin III for intraoperative anticoagulation in heparin pretreated patients

M. Ranucci, A. Cazzaniga, G. Isgrò, A. Ditta, A. Boncilli, M. Cotza, S. Brozzi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Thirty patients scheduled for elective myocardial revascularization and having undergone preoperative heparin treatment have been admitted to this prospective, randomized study. The aim of the study was to test two different strategies for preserving circulating antithrombin III (AT-III) during cardiopulmonary bypass. Patients in the control group (group C, n = 10) were treated with a standard heparinization (300 IU/kg). Patients in group A (n = 10) received the same management plus two doses of purified antithrombin III (1000 IU each). Patients in group GA received 200 IU/kg heparin and a continuous infusion of heparin (100 IU/kg/h) and gabexate mesilate (2 mg/kg/h) plus the same dose of antithrombin III as group A. Both group A and group GA demonstrated a preservation of circulating AT-III when compared to group C; this effect was more pronounced in group GA. The total heparin dosage was less in group GA than in groups A and C. Purified AT-III administration is recommended in heparin pretreated patients; the addition of gabexate mesilate to this protocol decreases the heparin requirement and increases the AT-III preservation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)357-362
Number of pages6
JournalPerfusion
Volume14
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 1999

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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    Ranucci, M., Cazzaniga, A., Isgrò, G., Ditta, A., Boncilli, A., Cotza, M., & Brozzi, S. (1999). Gabexate mesilate and antithrombin III for intraoperative anticoagulation in heparin pretreated patients. Perfusion, 14(5), 357-362.