Gadolinium and neomycin block voltage-sensitive Ca2+ channels without interfering with the Na+Ca2+ antiporter in brain nerve endings

Lorella M T Canzoniero, Maurizio Taglialatela, Gianfranco Di Renzo, Lucio Annunziato

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

29 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The rare earth lanthanide gadolinium (Gd3+), in concentrations ranging from 1 to 100 μM, reduced the elevation of intracellular Ca2+ concentration [Ca2+]i, monitored by means of the fluorescent probe fura-2. It also decreased the influx of 45Ca2+ through voltage sensitive calcium channels (VSCC), induced by 55 mM K+ in Percoll-purified brain synaptosomes. By contrast, Gd3+ (0.1-30 μM) did not interfere with Na+-dependent 45Ca2+ uptake, a process which expresses Na+Ca2+ exchange activity. The aminoglycoside neomycin displayed a similar pattern of activity although at higher concentrations (300-1000 μM). At the same range of concentrations (100 and 300 μM), the phenylalkylamine, verapamil, blocked both Ca2+ entry through VSCC and Ca2+ influx through the Na+Ca2+ exchanger. Finally, nimodipine failed to prevent 45Ca2+ influx in either case, and fura-2 monitored [Ca2+]i elevation induced by high K+- or Na+-dependent 45Ca2+ uptake. Collectively, the data obtained in the present study indicate that Gd3+ and neomycin can be considered to be valid pharmacological tools for selective blocking of VSCC in cerebral nerve terminals, without any concomitant interference with the Na+Ca2+ antiporter, whereas the inhibitory action of verapamil does not discriminate between Ca2+ entry through VSCC or the antiporter.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)97-103
Number of pages7
JournalEuropean Journal of Pharmacology: Molecular Pharmacology
Volume245
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 15 1993

Fingerprint

Antiporters
Neomycin
Nerve Endings
Gadolinium
Calcium Channels
Fura-2
Brain
Verapamil
Lanthanoid Series Elements
Nimodipine
Synaptosomes
Aminoglycosides
Fluorescent Dyes
Pharmacology

Keywords

  • Brain synaptosomes
  • Gadolinium
  • Neomycin
  • Nimodipine
  • Verapamil
  • Voltage-sensitive Ca channels

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology

Cite this

Gadolinium and neomycin block voltage-sensitive Ca2+ channels without interfering with the Na+Ca2+ antiporter in brain nerve endings. / Canzoniero, Lorella M T; Taglialatela, Maurizio; Di Renzo, Gianfranco; Annunziato, Lucio.

In: European Journal of Pharmacology: Molecular Pharmacology, Vol. 245, No. 2, 15.04.1993, p. 97-103.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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