Gain of function mutant p53 proteins cooperate with E2F4 to transcriptionally downregulate RAD17 and BRCA1 gene expression

Fabio Valenti, Federica Ganci, Giulia Fontemaggi, Andrea Sacconi, Sabrina Strano, Giovanni Blandino, Silvia Di Agostino

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Genomic instability (IN) is a common feature of many human cancers. The TP53 tumour suppressor gene is mutated in approximately half of human cancers. Here, we show that BRCA1 and RAD17 genes, whose derived proteins play a pivotal role in DNA damage repair, are transcriptional targets of gain-of-function mutant p53 proteins. Indeed, high levels of mutp53 protein facilitate DNA damage accumulation and severely impair BRCA1 and RAD17 expression in proliferating cancer cells. The recruitment of mutp53/E2F4 complex onto specific regions of BRCA1 and RAD17 promoters leads to the inhibition of their expression. BRCA1 and RAD17 mRNA expression is reduced in HNSCC patients carrying TP53 mutations when compared to those bearing wt-p53 gene. Furthermore, the analysis of gene expression databases for breast cancer patients reveals that low expression of DNA repair genes correlates significantly with reduced relapse free survival of patients carrying TP53 gene mutations. Collectively, these findings highlight the direct involvement of transcriptionally active gain of function mutant p53 proteins in genomic instability through the impairment of DNA repair mechanisms.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5547-5566
Number of pages20
JournalOncotarget
Volume6
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 2015

Keywords

  • BRCA1
  • DNA damage response
  • Gain-of-function
  • Genomic instability
  • Mutant p53
  • RAD17

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Gain of function mutant p53 proteins cooperate with E2F4 to transcriptionally downregulate RAD17 and BRCA1 gene expression'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this