Gait speed and body mass index: Results from the AMI study

Maturin Tabue-Teguo, Karine Perès, Nadine Simo, Mélanie Le Goff, Mario Ulises Perez Zepeda, Catherine Féart, Jean François Dartigues, Hélène Amieva, Matteo Cesari

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background While physical frailty and malnutrition/obesity (parameters easily measured by a nurse) are not the same, older persons who are malnourished/obese are more likely to be frail and there is a potential overlap between these conditions. The objective was to examine the relationship between gait speed (GS) and body mass index (BMI) in men and women aged 75 years and older. Design Cross-sectional analysis. Setting, participants Data from the Aging Multidisciplinary Investigation (AMI), a French prospective cohort study with participants randomly selected from the farmer Health Insurance rolls. Measurements Usual GS was measured over a 4 meters-track. BMI was categorized using clinical cut-points for European populations: (e.g, <20.0 kg/m2; 20.0–24.9 kg/m2; 25.0–29.9 kg/m2; 30.0–34.9 kg/m2; ≥35.0 kg/m2). Results The current analyses were performed in 449 participants. Mean age was 81 years. Being malnourished/obese was significantly associated with slow GS. Unadjusted and age-adjusted models showed that underweight, overweight and obesity statuses were significantly associated with slow GS for both women (0.83m/s [0.61; 1.04], 0.87m/s [0.72; 1.02], 0.70 m/s [0.41; 0.98], respectively) and men (0.83m/s [0.61; 1.04], 1.11m/s [1.03; 1.20], 0.97m/s [0.75; 1.19], respectively). Conclusion Malnourished/obese are associated with slow GS in older persons. These variables could be contributed at comprehensively and complementarily assessing the older person.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere0229979
JournalPLoS One
Volume15
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2020

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
  • General

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