BACKGROUND: Breast augmentation is one of the most frequently performed esthetic operations. Galactorrhea and galactocele formation are both very rare complications. The real cause still remains unknown, but various risk factors have been well reported in the literature. This report concerns a case of postoperative galactocele following bilateral breast augmentation via the inframammary approach with dual-plane insertion of implants, which is usually considered a protective approach in terms of risk factors for induction of postoperative galactorrhea.
METHODS: The patient had no significant surgical, gynecological or medical history, including galactorrhea or hyperprolactinemia, and did not present any chest wall abnormalities. There has been no use of oral contraceptives or any other drugs. After the surgical procedure, the patient presented with infection-like symptoms, for which galactorrhea or galactocele was initially not considered, mainly for the absence of specific risk factors.
RESULTS: After antibiotic and bromocriptine therapy, her breast returned to normal, with no pain, inflammation, enlargement or esthetic alterations. After 6 months of follow-up, the patient did not present any abnormality and she was satisfied with the result.
CONCLUSION: With our report, we want to underline that galactorrhea and galactocele cannot be ruled out, even in patients with no risk factors and with procedures considered as "protective." With a fast diagnosis and a specific therapy, implants and final result can be rescued. Level of Evidence V This journal requires that authors assign a level of evidence to each article. For a full description of these Evidence-Based Medicine ratings, please refer to the Table of Contents or the online Instructions to Authors www.springer.com/00266 .