Gam1 and the SUMO pathway

Roberto Boggio, Susanna Chiocca

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Post-translational modifications of proteins have critical roles in many cellular processes because they can cause rapid changes in the functions of preexisting proteins, multiprotein complexes and subcellular structures. Sumoylation, a ubiquitin-like dynamic and reversible post-translational modification system, is an enzymatic cascade leading to the covalent attachment of SUMO to it target proteins. This modification involves three steps and different enzymes: SUMO-activating enzyme E1 (SAE1/SAE2), SUMO-conjugating enzyme E2 (UBC9), SUMO ligases E3s, and SUMO cleaving enzymes. Although the identification of SUMO-modified substrates has progressed rapidly, the biological function of SUMO and regulation of SUMO conjugation are still not well understood. Some viral proteins have been identified as substrates for SUMO modification as well as altering the sumoylation status of host cell proteins. We have been studying an unusual adenoviral protein, Gam1, a strong and global transcriptional activator of both viral and cellular genes that inactivates HDAC1. We have recently expanded the known functions of Gam1 by demonstrating that Gam1 also inhibits the SUMO pathway by interfering with the activity of E1 heterodimer (SAE1/SAE2), leading to the accumulation of SUMO-unmodified substrates. Our data provides a clear example of the effects of a viral infection on host sumoylation and supports the idea that viruses have multifunctional protein that can target essential biochemical pathways.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)533-535
Number of pages3
JournalCell Cycle
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2005


  • Deacetylation
  • HDAC1
  • SUMO-E1 (SAE1/SAE2)
  • SUMO-E2 (UBC9)
  • Sumoylation
  • Viruses

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Cell Biology
  • Molecular Biology

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    Boggio, R., & Chiocca, S. (2005). Gam1 and the SUMO pathway. Cell Cycle, 4(4), 533-535.