Gamma knife surgery for treatment of residual nonfunctioning pituitary adenomas after surgical debulking

Marco Losa, Micol Valle, Pietro Mortini, Alberto Franzin, Camillo Ferrari Da Passano, Marco Cenzato, Stefania Bianchi, Piero Picozzi, Massimo Giovanelli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Object. Radiation therapy diminishes the risk of recurrence of incompletely removed nonfunctioning pituitary adenoma (NPA). The authors evaluated the efficacy and safety of gamma knife surgery (GKS) in patients with residual NPA following surgical debulking of the tumor. Methods. Fifty-four patients, 26 men and 28 women, ranging in age from 29 to 72 years underwent gamma knife treatment. Baseline and follow-up studies involved magnetic resonance imaging, hormone evaluation, and neuroophthalmological examination 6 and 12 months after GKS and at yearly intervals thereafter. The mean follow up after GKS was 41.1 ± 3.1 months. Two of 52 patients undergoing follow up had a recurrence 40 and 49 months after GKS. In both of these patients the treated lesion had reduced in size, but a new lesion appeared in the contralateral side of the sella turcica. The recurrence-free interval at 5 years was 88.2% (95% confidence interval 72.6-100%). Tumor volume decreased from a baseline value of 2.3 ± 0.2 to 1.7 ± 0.2 cm3 at the last follow up (p <0.001). Twenty-two patients (42.3%) had a 20% or greater reduction in tumor volume. The administered radiation dose had been significantly higher in patients who experienced tumor reduction. Visual function and motility did not deteriorate in any patient. New cases of hypogonadism, hypothyroidism, and hypoadrenalism occurred in 12.5, 8.6, and 2.3%, respectively, of assessable patients at risk. Conclusions. Gamma knife surgery was effective in controlling the growth of residual NPA after previously performed maximal surgical debulking. The major advantage of GKS compared with fractionated radiotherapy seems to be a lower risk of side effects, especially a lower risk of hypopituitarism.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)438-444
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Neurosurgery
Volume100
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2004

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Keywords

  • Gamma knife surgery
  • Hypopituitarism
  • Pituitary surgery
  • Pituitary tumor
  • Radiosurgery
  • Radiotherapy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Neuroscience(all)

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