Gastric histology and function tests in italian patients with dermatitis herpetiformis

M. Primignani, D. Agape, G. Ronchi, L. Forzenigo, C. Bonato, P. Meroni, M. Falsitta, A. Malesci, R. De Franchis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Gastric mucosal histology and function were evaluated in 57 Italian subjects with dermatitis herpetiformis (DH), by means of multiple endoscopic biopsies, gastrin and pepsinogen I (Pg I) serum levels, and parietal cell antibodies (PCA). One hundred and forty-nine patients with nonulcer dyspepsia served as reference population for the prevalence of atrophic gastritis of the body. Seventeen DH patients (30% and 23 controls (15.4% showed atrophic gastritis of the body mucosa (p <0.05). Nine of the DH patients with atrophic gastritis of the body also had atrophic changes in the antrum. Six patients, all with severe atrophic gastritis, had high gastrin levels and PCA; five of these six also had low Pg I levels. We found an increased prevalence of atrophic gastritis, high gastrin, low Pg I, and PCA with age. The low prevalence of abnormal indirect function tests among patients with atrophic gastritis is due to the younger age of the patients in our series. Thus, atrophic gastritis can be detected early on a histologic basis, but functional impairment occurs later, as the mucosal damage increases in severity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)357-362
Number of pages6
JournalScandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
Volume25
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1990

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Keywords

  • Atrophic gastritis
  • Dermatitis herpetiformis
  • Gastrin
  • Parietal cell antibodies
  • Pepsinogen I

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gastroenterology

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