Gastric mucosa alterations in first-degree relatives of gastric cancer patients

Adriana Romiti, Angelo Zullo, Silverio Tomao, Cesare Hassan, Ida Sarcina, Vincenzo De Francesco, Enzo Ierardi, Frederica Tomao, Aldo Vecchione, Sergio Morini

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: First-degree relatives of gastric cancer patients have an increased risk of developing such neoplasia, and several alterations in gastric mucosa of these subjects have been described. On the other hand, both gastric cell hyperproliferation and abnormalities of adhesion molecules have been involved in gastric carcinogenesis. We studied gastric mucosa alterations in first-degree relatives of gastric cancer patients. Patients and Methods: This prospective, case-controlled study enrolled 39 first-degree relatives of gastric cancer patients and 39 matched controls. Biopsy specimens obtained at endoscopy were used to assess epithelial cell proliferation plus E-cadherin and β-catenin expression by immunohistochemical methods. H. pylori infection was assessed by histology and a rapid urease test. Results: Gastric epithelial cell proliferation values were not significantly different between the patient and control groups. H. pylori infection significantly increased cell proliferation values both in patients and in controls, without a significant difference between the two groups. Moreover, cell proliferation values were significantly higher in cases harboring intestinal metaplasia than in those without it. Alterations of the adhesion molecules were described exclusively in those patients harboring intestinal metaplasia. In detail, a reduction of both E-cadherin and β-catenin expression was observed in 8 (67%) out of 12 first-degree relatives and in 6 (67%) out of 9 controls with intestinal metaplasia (p=0.4). These alterations were similarly distributed between H. pylori infected and uninfected cases. Conclusion: Our data showed that a family history of gastric cancer itself is not associated with gastric cell hyperproliferation. However, both cell hyperproliferation and alterations of adhesion molecules have been detected in those patients with intestinal metaplasia.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2567-2572
Number of pages6
JournalAnticancer Research
Volume25
Issue number3 C
Publication statusPublished - May 2005

Keywords

  • β-catenin
  • Cell proliferation
  • E-cadherin
  • Family history
  • Gastric cancer

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research
  • Oncology

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