Gated blood pool tomography for the evaluation of global and regional left ventricular function in comparison to planar techniques and echocardiography

S. Canclini, A. Terzi, P. Rossini, A. Vignati, G. La Canna, G. C. Magri, C. Pizzocaro, R. Giubbini

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background. Multigated radionuclide ventriculography (MUGA) is a simple and reliable tool for the assessment of global systolic and diastolic function and in several studies it is still considered a standard for the assessment of left ventricular ejection fraction. However the evaluation of regional wall motion by MUGA is critical due to two-dimensional imaging and its clinical use is progressively declining in favor of echocardiography. Tomographic MUGA (T-MUGA) is not widely adopted in clinical practice. The aim of this study was to compare T-MUGA to planar MUGA (P-MUGA) for the assessment of global ejection fraction and to transthoracic echocardiography for the evaluation of regional wall motion. Methods. A 16-segment model was adopted for the comparison with echo regional wall motion. For each one of the 16 segments the normal range of T-MUGA ejection fraction was quantified and a normal data file was defined; the average value-2.5 SD was used as the lower threshold to identify abnormal segments. In addition, amplitude images from Fourier analysis were quantified and considered abnormal according to three different thresholds (25,50 and 75% of the maximum). Results. In a study group of 33 consecutive patients the ejection fraction values of T-MUGA highly correlated with those of P-MUGA (r = 0.93). The regional ejection fraction (according to the normal database) and the amplitude analysis (50% threshold) allowed for the correct identification of 203/226 and 167/226 asynergic segments by echocardiography, and of 269/302 and 244/302 normal segments, respectively. Therefore sensitivity, specificity and overall accuracy to detect regional wall motion abnormalities were 90, 89, 89% and 74, 81, 79% for regional ejection fraction and amplitude analysis, respectively. Conclusions. T-MUGA is a reliable tool for regional wall motion evaluation, well correlated with echocardiography, less subjective and able to provide quantitative data.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)42-48
Number of pages7
JournalItalian Heart Journal
Volume2
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2001

Keywords

  • Blood pool imaging
  • Echocardiography
  • Single photon emission computed tomography

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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