One of the goals of personalized medicine is to understand and treat diseases with greater precision through the molecular profile of the patient. This profiling is becoming a powerful tool for the discovery of novel biomarkers that can guide physicians in assessing, in advance, the disease stage, and monitoring disease progression. Circulating miRNAs and exosomal miRNAs, a group of small non-coding RNAs, are considered the gold standard diagnostic biomarkers for human diseases. We have previously demonstrated that osteosarcoma-derived exosomes are able to influence crucial mechanisms inside tumor niches, inducing osteoclast differentiation, and sustaining bone resorption activity. Here we discovered, through Next-Generation Sequencing (NGS), eight novel microRNAs in three different osteosarcoma cell lines, and assessed the selective packaging into the exosomes released. We then investigated, as proof-of-principle, the presence of the novel microRNAs in osteosarcoma patient samples, and found that 5 of the 8 novel microRNAs were more present in circulating exosomes of osteosarcoma patients compared with the controls. These results raise a question: Could the 8 novel microRNAs play a role for osteosarcoma pathogenesis? Although still premature, the results are encouraging, and further studies with a validation in a larger cohort are needed.
- liquid biopsy