Purpose: To evaluate the correlation between HER2 expression and gefitinib (ZD 1839, Iressa; AstraZeneca, London, United Kingdom) efficacy in terms of response rate, time to progression (TTP), and overall survival (OS) time. Patients and Methods: Patients with pretreated advanced non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) received gefitinib at a daily dose of 250 mg until disease progression. Tumor tissue specimens obtained at the time of primary diagnosis were collected to determine HER2/epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) status by immunohistochemistry. Results: From February 2001 to June 2002, 63 consecutive patients were enrolled onto the study. The overall disease control rate was 58.7% (partial response [PR], 15.9%; stable disease [SD], 42.8%), median TTP was 3.3 months, and median OS was 4.1 months. Among the 43 patients in whom EGFR/HER2 status was determined, we observed six PRs (14%) and 18 SDs (42%). Disease control, including PR and SD, was 40% in the 15 patients overexpressing HER2 and 64.3% in the 28 patients not overexpressing HER2 (P = .126). No difference was found between the two groups in terms of TTP (3.5 v 3.7 months, respectively) and OS (5.7 v 6.8 months, respectively). In addition, we did not find any difference in TTP, OS, toxicity, and symptom outcome in the group of patients over-expressing both HER2 and EGFR compared with patients who had no overexpression of HER2 Conclusion: According to these data, efficacy, toxicity, and symptom outcome in patients with NSCLC treated with gefitinib do not seem to be related to HER2 expression.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research