Gemcitabine and cisplatin for inoperable and/or metastatic biliary tree carcinomas: A multicenter phase II study of the Gruppo Oncologico dell'Italia Meridionale (GOIM)

F. Giuliani, Vittorio Gebbia, E. Maiello, N. Borsellino, E. Bajardi, G. Colucci

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: The aim of the study was to test the clinical efficacy and toxicity profile of gemcitabine (GEM) in combination with cisplatin (CDDP) in a series of patients affected by unresectable and/or metastatic biliary tree carcinoma (BTC) previously untreated with chemotherapy. Patients and methods: Overall 38 consecutive patients who satisfied eligibility criteria (10 with gall-bladder carcinoma and 28 with bile duct carcinoma) were included in this phase II study. Median age was 61 years with median PS 1. Treatment included GEM 1000 mg/m2/ week as 30 min i.v. on days 1 and 8, and CDDP 75-80 mg/m2 on day 1 with adequate hydration protocol and forced diuresis. Treatment was repeated every 3 weeks for three cycles before first re-evaluation of disease status. Results: According to an intent-to-treat analysis a complete response (CR) was achieved in 1 patient (3%) with duration of 8 months. A partial response (PR) was recorded in 11 cases (29%; 95% CI 6% to 48%) with a median duration of 6.4 months (range 5-11 months) for an overall response rate (ORR) of 32%. Stable disease (SD) was seen in eight cases (21%), while the remaining 18 patients showed progressive disease (PD). Tumor growth control rate was 53%. Objective responses were recorded at loco-regional disease, liver and nodal metastases. Lung and peritoneal metastases did not respond. Time-to-progression was 4 months (range 2-11 months) and median overall survival was 8+ months (range 2-15 months). Side-effects were mild with few cases of grade 4 hematological toxicity. Transient and reversible liver toxicity was recorded in nearly one-quarter of patients. Infection without severe grade 4 neutropenia was observed in three cases. In no case was chemotherapy withdrawn for toxicity. Conclusion: The GEM/CDDP regimen is active against advanced a nd/or metastatic BTC with a favourable toxicity profile. This regimen represents a reasonable therapeutic choice for palliation of advanced BTC. Inferences concerning overall survival are difficult to draw due to the phase II nature of the study.

Original languageEnglish
JournalAnnals of Oncology
Volume17
Issue numberSUPPL. 7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2006

Keywords

  • Biliary tree carcinoma
  • Chemotherapy
  • Cisplatin
  • Gemcitabine

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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