Gemcitabine plus vinorelbine as first-line chemotherapy in advanced nonsmall cell lung carcinoma A phase II trial

Emilio Bajetta, Simonetta Chiara Stani, Daniela De Candis, Paolo Bidoli, Luigi Mariani, Nicoletta Zilembo, Paola Pozzi, Giuseppe Procopio

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

BACKGROUND. Response and survival in patients with advanced or oside analog gemcitabine, and the semisynthetic vinca alkaloid vinorelbine, have been shown to be effective in NSCLC and to have a low-toxicity profile. METHODS. Fifty-four chemotherapy-naive patients with NSCLC Stage IIIB (any TN3M0 or T4 any NM0) or IV (any T any NM1) were enrolled in this single-institution Phase II study. Gemcitabine 1250 mg/m2 and vinorelbine 25 mg/m2 were both administered on Days 1 and 8 every 3 weeks for up to 9 courses unless disease progression or severe toxicity required their discontinuation. RESULTS. Partial tumor regression was observed in 16 patients, for an overall response rate of 30% (95% confidence interval, 18.4-46.7%) on an intent-to-treat basis. The median time to progression was 5 months (range, 3-20). The median survival was 12 months (range, 5-42+); 1-year and 2-year survival rates were 49.1% and 17%, respectively. Hematologic toxicity was mild with only 11% of the patients developing Grade 3 neutropenia. None of the patients developed any Grade 4 toxicity. CONCLUSIONS. The combination of gemcitabine plus vinorelbine is feasible on an outpatient basis. The good activity and tolerability of the regimen make it a suitable candidate for further trials, using platinum-based regimens as comparators and possibly selecting elderly and less fit patients. (C) 2000 American Cancer Society.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)763-768
Number of pages6
JournalCancer
Volume89
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 15 2000

Keywords

  • Chemotherapy
  • Gemcitabine
  • Nonsmall cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC)
  • Vinorelbine

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research
  • Oncology

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