Interazioni geni-ambiente nella schizofrenia

Translated title of the contribution: Gene-environment interactions in schizophrenia

Gianluca Ursini, Annabella di Giorgio, Leonardo Fazio, Giuseppe de Simeis, Lorenzo Sinibaldi, Valeria Latorre, Grazia Caforio, Miriam Rizzo, Antonio Rampino, Sofia Douzgou, Chiara Castellana, Raffaella Romano, Paolo Taurisano, Francesco Gambi, Apostolos Papazacharias, Simona Aquilino, Luciana Lobianco, Teresa Popolizio, Giuseppe Blasi, Bruno DallapiccolaMarcello Nardinil, Alessandro Bertolino

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: Family, twin, and adoption studies have firmly established the roles of both genes and environment in schizophrenia, suggesting how gene-environment interactions (GxE) could shed light on underlying etiologic mechanisms in this psychiatric condition. Several studies, focused on the role of GxE and conducted by indirect genotype determination, provide evidence of an interaction between genetic susceptibility to schizophrenia and environmental factors such as obstetric complications (OC). Research oriented to identify genetic variations that interact with environmental factors indicates that the risk of schizophrenia might be affected by interaction between OC, cannabis use and schizophrenia candidate genes, like AKT1 and COMT. These studies do not clearly highlight the mechanism by which genes and environment might interact in schizophrenia etiopathogenesis. We think that this mechanism might be easier to understand by focusing on the effect of GxE on intermediate phenotypes related to fundamental aspects of brain development and function. Aim of the study: We analysed how the SNP rs4680 (G > A) of COMT gene and chronic stress interact in modulating the prefrontal neuronal activity during working memory and we found that the effect of stress on prefrontal physiology is conditional on COMT genotype. Conclusions: This result provides further support on the role of the COMT gene in schizophrenia etiopathogenesis, since, in subjects genotyped as GG, stress might reduce neuronal efficiency in the prefrontal cortex, favouring the onset of the illness. The research on GxE, and, in particular, on the role of epigenetic variations in mediating these interactions, could help in explaining and preventing schizophrenia.

Translated title of the contributionGene-environment interactions in schizophrenia
Original languageItalian
Pages (from-to)133-135
Number of pages3
JournalQuaderni Italiani di Psichiatria
Volume27
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2008

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Phychiatric Mental Health

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  • Cite this

    Ursini, G., di Giorgio, A., Fazio, L., de Simeis, G., Sinibaldi, L., Latorre, V., Caforio, G., Rizzo, M., Rampino, A., Douzgou, S., Castellana, C., Romano, R., Taurisano, P., Gambi, F., Papazacharias, A., Aquilino, S., Lobianco, L., Popolizio, T., Blasi, G., ... Bertolino, A. (2008). Interazioni geni-ambiente nella schizofrenia. Quaderni Italiani di Psichiatria, 27(4), 133-135.