Gene therapy for autoimmune diseases

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Autoimmune diseases are thretening an increasing number of patients in developed countries, representing one of the major causes of disability and an enormous social cost. Current therapies mainly treat the symptoms of autoimmune diseases and are only partially able to interfere with disease evolution, and therefore decrease the degree of physical impairment. Thus, the development of new therapeutic strategies is imperative. This review focuses on gene therapy, as one possible alternative approach to the treatment of autoimmune disorders. The potential of gene therapy to specifically target tissues affected by autoimmune aggression, and its ability to interfere with the destructive pathogenic process while providing functional replacement and fostering reparative mechanisms will be emphasized. Gene therapy studies in experimental models of diabetes, rheumatoid arthritis and multiple sclerosis are reviewed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)525-536
Number of pages12
JournalCurrent Opinion in Molecular Therapeutics
Volume6
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2004

Keywords

  • Autoimmunity
  • Diabetes
  • Gene therapy
  • Inflammation
  • Multiple sclerosis
  • Rheumatoid arthritis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics
  • Genetics(clinical)
  • Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics(all)

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