Generation and characterization of two human α/β T cell clones: Recognizing autologous breast tumor cells through an HLA- and TCR/CD3-independent pathway

Paola Nisticò, Piergiuseppe De Berardinis, Stefania Morrone, Tonino Alonzi, Catello Buono, Irene Venturo, Pier Giorgio Natali

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Cell-mediated immune response to breast tumor has only been marginally investigated. To gain insight into this issue we have developed two clones of distinct phenotype, CD3+ α/β, CD4+, CD8-, CD16-, and CD3+ α/β, CD4-, CD8+, CD16-, respectively, from peripheral blood lymphocytes (PBL) of a breast cancer patient. These effectors, selected on the basis of their cytolytic activity against autologous tumor cells and lack of lysis on NK-sensitive cell lines, preferentially recognize autologous tumor cells. The two clones' cytotoxic activity, while inhibited by anti-LFA-1 mAb, could not be abolished by mAbs to CD3, to class I and class II MHC molecules, and by mAbs to molecules involved in T cell function (i.e., CD4, CD8, CD2). The molecular structure of the α and β T cell receptor chains of the two effector cells, confirmed their clonality and showed that, despite an overlapping killing pattern, they possess distinct TCR α and β chains. These findings demonstrate that breast tumor-specific CTL clones can be generated through current technology and that a α/β effector cell population operating through a HLA-unrestricted and TCR/CD3-independent pathway may be involved in the identification and killing of this tumor.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1426-1431
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Clinical Investigation
Volume94
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Oct 1994

Keywords

  • Autologous tumor
  • Breast cancer
  • Cytotoxic activity
  • MHC unrestricted
  • TCR/CD3 independent

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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