Genetic alterations in sporadic triple negative breast cancer

Laura Ancuta Pop, Roxana Maria Cojocneanu-Petric, Valentina Pileczki, Gabriela Morar-Bolba, Alexandru Irimie, Vladimir Lazar, Claudio Lombardo, Angelo Paradiso, Ioana Berindan-Neagoe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background Recent studies have aimed to identify gene mutation profiles to explain the cause of TNBC therapy limitations. Methods The purpose of our study was to use Next Generation Sequencing (NGS) of 46 genes with a well-defined role in cancer in a cohort of TNBC patients in order to identify novel markers that could lead to the development of strategic, adjuvant, gene-targeted therapies. Results A total of 118 gene mutations in 35 genes, 75 mutations in BRCA1 and 92 mutations in BRCA2 were identified. The clinical assessment of the identified mutations showed 27 to be possibly damaging and 59 to be damaging. TP53, KDR, PIK3CA (rs3729687), ATM, AKT1 and KIT were among the most frequently mutated genes in our TNBC cohort. The SNP AKT1 (rs3730358) was suggested to modify the risk of breast cancer. SNP PIK3CA (rs3729687) is a damaging mutation that we found to be correlated with the prognosis of TNBC. The survival curve analysis showed that the presence of AKT1, TP53, KDR, KIT, BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutations is correlated with a poor prognosis. Conclusion We show a strong association between TNBC and mutations in BRCA1/2 genes and the poor outcome of these patients. Moreover, we identified several other unknown mutations putatively associated with the poor prognosis of TNBC tumors. We also discovered novel mutations never before associated with breast cancer that could putatively account for the poor prognosis of the TNBC tumors.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)30-38
Number of pages9
JournalBreast
Volume38
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 1 2018

Keywords

  • BRCA1/2 mutations
  • Next generation sequencing
  • Precision medicine
  • Resistance to therapy
  • Somatic mutation
  • Triple negative breast cancer

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

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