Genetic and biochemical normalization in female carriers of duchenne muscular dystrophy: Evidence for failure of dystrophin production in dystrophin-competent myonuclei

E. Pegoraro, R. N. Schimke, C. Garcia, H. Stern, M. Cadaldini, C. Angelini, E. Barbosa, J. Carroll, W. A. Marks, H. E. Neville, H. Marks, S. Appleton, H. Toriello, H. B. Wessel, J. Donnelly, S. M. Bernes, J. W. Taber, L. Weiss, E. P. Hoffman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Article abstract-We studied 19 symptomatic female carriers of the Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) gene. Most of these dystrophinopathy patients had had an erroneous or ambiguous diagnosis prior to dystrophin immunofluorescence testing. We assessed clinical severity by a standardized protocol, measured X-chromosome inactivation patterns in blood and muscle DNA, and quantitated the dystrophin protein content of muscle. We found that patients could be separated into two groups: those showing equal numbers of normal and mutant dystrophin genes in peripheral blood DNA ("random" X-inactivation), and those showing preferential use of the mutant dystrophin gene ("skewed" X-inactivation). In the random X-inactivation carriers, the clinical phenotype ranged from asymptomatic to mild disability, the dystrophin content of muscle was >60% of normal, and there were only minor histopathologic changes. In the skewed X-inactivation patients, clinical manifestations ranged from mild to severe, but the patients with mild disease were young (5 to 10 years old). The low levels of dystrophin (

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)677-690
Number of pages14
JournalNeurology
Volume45
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1995

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Neuroscience(all)

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