We have recently identified a gene named GITR (glucocorticoid-induced TNF receptor related gene). GITR is expressed in different cells and tissues such as T lymphocytes from thymus and spleen and lymph nodes, and also in the lung. GITR ligand (GITRL) is expressed in several cells including macrophages, B cells, denditric cells, and endothelial cells. In the present study, by comparing the responses in wild-type (WT) mice (GITR+/+) and GITR-deficient mice (GITR-/-), we investigated the role played by GITR-GITRL interaction in the development of chronic lung injury caused by bleomycin instillation. When compared with bleomycin-treated GITR+/+ mice, bleomycin-treated GITR-/- mice exhibited a reduced degree of i) lung infiltration with polymorphonuclear neutrophils (MPO activity); ii) edema formation; iii) histological evidence of lung injury; iv) TNF-α and interleukin (IL)-1β production; v) nitrotyrosine formation; and vi) NF-κB activation. The cotreatment of GITR+/+ mice with Fc-GITR fusion protein (6.25 μg/mouse) also significantly attenuated all of the above indicators of lung damage and inflammation. Our results clearly demonstrate that GITR-GITRL interaction plays an important role in the chronic lung injury induced by bleomycin in the mice.
- Fusion protein
- TNFR superfamily
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Agricultural and Biological Sciences (miscellaneous)
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
- Cell Biology