Mutations in the gene encoding surfactant protein C (SP-C) SFTPC have been found to be associated with chronic interstitial lung disease. A 5-year-old girl oxygen dependent from birth and affected by interstitial lung disease (ILD) is heterozygous for a T to C change in exon 3 resulting in the substitution of threonine for isoleucine at codon 73 (173T), already described in association with ILD. We studied 25 members of her family where the 173T mutation in the SP-C gene is associated to chronic pulmonary diseases. Five members in the mother's family showed respiratory diseases with great diversity in clinical features: her mother was affected by restrictive pneumopathy and emphysema, her grand-mother by asthma and recurrent pneumonia, 2 uncles underwent lung transplantation in the adult age, an aunt was clinically diagnosed having pulmonary fibrosis. All the family members affected by pulmonary diseases and one with no clinical symptoms showed the presence of the mutation 173T. Among the other family members the mutation was found in six subjects for whom no clinical data were available, yet. Our results confirm that heterozygosity for the mutation 173T may cause chronic inflammation of the lung or progressive pulmonary fibrosis. In addition, the possibility to study a large pedigree allowed us to perform a genotype-phenotype correlation indicating a marked phenotypic variability. The diversity in symptoms, age at onset, clinical course, duration of lung disease in the relatives sharing this mutation indicates an incomplete penetrance of the mutation. This might be due to the influence of other genetic factors thus indicating that the phenotype may be complicated by additional components.
|Translated title of the contribution||Genetic basis in chronic interstitial familial pneumopathy. Familial study of SFTPC|
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Pediatria Medica e Chirurgica|
|Publication status||Published - May 2005|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health