Human herpesvirus-8/Kaposi sarcoma-associated herpesvirus-positive primary effusion lymphoma (PEL) is a recently identified B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma category characterized by liquid growth in the serous body cavities. Apart from viral infection, no genetic alteration is known to be associated with PEL and no recurrent cytogenetic abnormality has been identified in these lymphomas. Yet the consistent monoclonality of PEL indicates that the disease is not solely a virus-driven proliferation. Here we report that PEL is associated with a high frequency of mutations of BCL6 5' noncoding regions, and we identify karyotypic abnormalities that may be recurrently involved in these lymphomas. Mutations of BCL-6 5' noncoding regions occurred in 8/13 PEL. Mutations occurred in the absence of BCL6 gross rearrangements were often multiple in the same patient (7/8 mutated cases), and occurred in both HIV-positive and HIV-negative individuals. Since BCL6 mutations are regarded as a genetic marker of B-cell transition through the germinal center (GC), these data are consistent with histogenetic derivation of PEL from GC or post-GC B-cells. Cytogenetic and FISH analysis of seven PEL cell lines showed frequent occurrence of complete or partial trisomy 12 (7/7 cases), trisomy 7 (4/7 cases), and abnormalities of bands Iq21-25 (5/7 cases).
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Genes Chromosomes and Cancer|
|Publication status||Published - Jan 1999|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research