Genetic correlation between amyotrophic lateral sclerosis and schizophrenia

Russell L. McLaughlin, Dick Schijven, Wouter Van Rheenen, Kristel R. van Eijk, Margaret O'Brien, René S. Kahn, Roel A. Ophoff, An Goris, Daniel G. Bradley, Ammar Al-Chalabi, Leonard H. Van Den Berg, Jurjen J. Luykx, Orla Hardiman, Jan H. Veldink, Aleksey Shatunov, Annelot M. Dekker, Frank P. Diekstra, Sara L. Pulit, Rick A A van der Spek, Perry T C van DoormaalWilliam Sproviero, Ashley R. Jones, Garth A. Nicholson, Dominic B. Rowe, Roger Pamphlett, Matthew C. Kiernan, Denis Bauer, Tim Kahlke, Kelly L. Williams, Filip Eftimov, Isabella Fogh, Nicola Ticozzi, Kuang Lin, Stephanie Millecamps, Francois Salachas, Vincent Meininger, Mamede de Carvalho, Susana Pinto, Jesus S. Mora, Ricardo Rojas-Garcyá, Meraida Polak, Siddharthan Chandran, Shuna Colville, Robert Swingler, Karen E. Morrison, Pamela J. Shaw, John Hardy, Richard W. Orrell, Alan Pittman, Katie Sidle, Pietro Fratta, Andrea Malaspina, Susanne Petri, Susanna Abdulla, Carsten Drepper, Michael Sendtner, Thomas Meyer, Martina Wiedau-Pazos, Catherine Lomen-Hoerth, Vivianna M. Van Deerlin, John Q. Trojanowski, Lauren Elman, Leo McCluskey, A. Nazli Basak, Thomas Meitinger, Peter Lichtner, Milena Radivojkov-Blagojevic, Christian R. Andres, Cindy Maurel, Gilbert Bensimon, Bernhard Landwehrmeyer, Alexis Brice, Christine A M Payan, Safa Saker-Delye, Alexandra Durr, Nicholas Wood, Lukas Tittmann, Wolfgang Lieb, Andre Franke, Marcella Rietschel, Sven Cichon, Markus M. Nothen, Philippe Amouyel, Christophe Tzourio, Jean Francois Dartigues, Andre G. Uitterlinden, Fernando Rivadeneira, Karol Estrada, Albert Hofman, Charles Curtis, Anneke J Van Derkooi, Marianne De Visser, Markus Weber, Christopher E. Shaw, Bradley N. Smith, Orietta Pansarasa, Cristina Cereda, Roberto Del Bo, Giacomo P. Comi, Sandra D'Alfonso, Cinzia Bertolin, Gianni Soraru, Letizia Mazzini, Viviana Pensato, Cinzia Gellera, Cinzia Tiloca, Antonia Ratti, Andrea Calvo, Cristina Moglia, Maura Brunetti, Simon Arcuti, Rosa Capozzo, Chiara Zecca, Christian Lunetta, Silvana Penco, Nilo Riva, Alessandro Padovani, Massimiliano Filosto, Ian P. Blair, P. Nigel Leigh, Federico Casale, Adriano Chio, Ettore Beghi, Elisabetta Pupillo, Rosanna Tortelli, Giancarlo Logroscino, John Powell, Albert C. Ludolph, Jochen H. Weishaupt, Wim Robberecht, Philip van Damme, Robert H. Brown, Jonathan D. Glass, John E. Landers, Peter M. Andersen, Philippe Corcia, Patrick Vourc'h, Vincenzo Silani, Michael A. van Es, R. Jeroen Pasterkamp, Cathryn M. Lewis, Gerome Breen, Stephan Ripke, Benjamin M. Neale, Aiden Corvin, James T R Walters, Kai How Farh, Peter A. Holmans, Phil H. Lee, Brendan Bulik-Sullivan, David A. Collier, Hailiang Huang, Tune H. Pers, Ingrid Agartz, Esben Agerbo, Margot Albus, Madeline Alexander, Farooq Amin, Silviu A. Bacanu, Martin Begemann, Richard A. Belliveau, Judit Bene, Sarah E. Bergen, Elizabeth Bevilacqua, Tim B. Bigdeli, Donald W. Black, Richard Bruggeman, Nancy G. Buccola, Randy L. Buckner, William F. Byerley, Wiepke Cahn, Guiqing Cai, Dominique Campion, Rita M. Cantor, Vaughan J. Carr, Noa Carrera, Stanley V. Catts, Kimberley D. Chambert, Raymond C K Chan, Ronald Y L Chan, Eric Y H Chen, Wei Cheng, Eric F C Cheung, Siow Ann Chong, C. Robert Cloninger, David J. Cohen, Nadine Cohen, Paul Cormican, Nick Craddock, James J. Crowley, David Curtis, Michael Davidson, Kenneth L. Davis, Franziska Degenhardt, Jurgen Del Favero, Ditte Demontis, Dimitris Dikeos, Timothy Dinan, Srdjan Djurovic, Gary Donohoe, Elodie Drapeau, Jubao Duan, Frank Dudbridge, Naser Durmishi, Peter Eichhammer, Johan Eriksson, Valentina Escott-Price, Laurent Essioux, Ayman H. Fanous, Martilias S. Farrell, Josef Frank, Lude Franke, Robert Freedman, Nelson B. Freimer, Marion Friedl, Joseph I. Friedman, Menachem Fromer, Giulio Genovese, Lyudmila Georgieva, Ina Giegling, Paola Giusti-Rodrýguez, Stephanie Godard, Jacqueline I. Goldstein, Vera Golimbet, Srihari Gopal, Jacob Gratten, Lieuwe De Haan, Christian Hammer, Marian L. Hamshere, Mark Berner Hansen, Thomas Hansen, Vahram Haroutunian, Annette M. Hartmann, Frans A. Henskens, Stefan Herms, Joel N. Hirschhorn, Per Hoffmann, Andrea Hofman, Mads V. Hollegaard, David M. Hougaard, Masashi Ikeda, Inge Joa, Antonio Julia, Luba Kalaydjieva, Sena Karachanak-Yankova, Juha Karjalainen, David Kavanagh, Matthew C. Keller, James L. Kennedy, Andrey Khrunin, Yunjung Kim, Janis Klovins, James A. Knowles, Bettina Konte, Vaidutis Kucinskas, Zita Ausrele Kucinskiene, Hana Kuzelova-Ptackova, Anna K. Kahler, Claudine Laurent, Jimmy Lee, Sang Hong Lee, Sophie E. Legge, Bernard Lerer, Miaoxin Li, Tao Li, Kung Yee Liang, Jeffrey Lieberman, Svetlana Limborska, Carmel M. Loughland, Jan Lubinski, Jouko Lonnqvist, Milan Macek, Patrik K E Magnusson, Brion S. Maher, Wolfgang Maier, Jacques Mallet, Sara Marsal, Manuel Mattheisen, Morten Mattingsdal, Robert W. McCarley, Colm McDonald, Andrew M. McIntosh, Sandra Meier, Carin J. Meijer, Bela Melegh, Ingrid Melle, Raquelle I. Mesholam-Gately, Andres Metspalu, Patricia T. Michie, Lili Milani, Vihra Milanova, Younes Mokrab, Derek W. Morris, Ole Mors, Kieran C. Murphy, Robin M. Murray, Inez Myin-Germeys, Bertram Muller-Myhsok, Mari Nelis, Igor Nenadic, Deborah A. Nertney, Gerald Nestadt, Kristin K. Nicodemus, Liene Nikitina-Zake, Laura Nisenbaum, Annelie Nordin, Eadbhard O'Callaghan, Colm O'Dushlaine, F. Anthony O'Neill, Sang Yun Oh, Ann Olincy, Line Olsen, Jim Vanos, Christos Pantelis, George N. Papadimitriou, Sergi Papiol, Elena Parkhomenko, Michele T. Pato, Tiina Paunio, Milica Pejovic-Milovancevic, Diana O. Perkins, Olli Pietilainen, Jonathan Pimm, Andrew J. Pocklington, Alkes Price, Ann E. Pulver, Shaun M. Purcell, Digby Quested, Henrik B. Rasmussen, Abraham Reichenberg, Mark A. Reimers, Alexander L. Richards, Joshua L. Roffman, Panos Roussos, Douglas M. Ruderfer, Veikko Salomaa, Alan R. Sanders, Ulrich Schall, Christian R. Schubert, Thomas G. Schulze, Sibylle G. Schwab, Edward M. Scolnick, Rodney J. Scott, Larry J. Seidman, Jianxin Shi, Engilbert Sigurdsson, Teimuraz Silagadze, Jeremy M. Silverman, Kang Sim, Petr Slominsky, Jordan W. Smoller, Hon Cheong So, Chris C A Spencer, Eli A. Stah, Hreinn Stefansson, Stacy Steinberg, Elisabeth Stogmann, Richard E. Straub, Eric Strengman, Jana Strohmaier, T. Scott Stroup, Mythily Subramaniam, Jaana Suvisaari, Dragan M. Svrakic, Jin P. Szatkiewicz, Erik Söderman, Srinivas Thirumalai, Draga Toncheva, Sarah Tosato, Juha Veijola, John Waddington, Dermot Walsh, Dai Wang, Qiang Wang, Bradley T. Webb, Mark Weiser, Dieter B. Wildenauer, Nigel M. Williams, Stephanie Williams, Stephanie H. Witt, Aaron R. Wolen, Emily H M Wong, Brandon K. Wormley, Hualin Simon Xi, Clement C. Zai, Xuebin Zheng, Fritz Zimprich, Naomi R. Wray, Kari Stefansson, Peter M. Visscher, Rolf Adolfsson, Ole A. Andreassen, Douglas H R Blackwood, Elvira Bramon, Joseph D. Buxbaum, Anders D. Børglum, Ariel Darvasi, Enrico Domenici, Hannelore Ehrenreich, Tonu Esko, Pablo V. Gejman, Michael Gil, Hugh Gurling, Christina M. Hultman, Nakao Iwata, Assen V. Jablensky, Erik G. Jonsson, Kenneth S. Kendler, George Kirov, Jo Knight, Todd Lencz, Douglas F. Levinson, Qingqin S. Li, Jianjun Liu, Anil K. Malhotra, Steven A. McCarrol, Andrew McQuillin, Jennifer L. Moran, Preben B. Mortensen, Bryan J. Mowry, Michael J. Owen, Aarno Palotie, Carlos N. Pato, Tracey L. Petryshen, Danielle Posthuma, Brien P. Riley, Dan Rujescu, Pak C. Sham, Pamela Sklar, David St Clair, Daniel R. Weinberger, Jens R. Wendland, Thomas Werge, Mark J. Daly, Patrick F. Sullivan, Michael C. O'Donovan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

We have previously shown higher-than-expected rates of schizophrenia in relatives of patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), suggesting an aetiological relationship between the diseases. Here, we investigate the genetic relationship between ALS and schizophrenia using genome-wide association study data from over 100,000 unique individuals. Using linkage disequilibrium score regression, we estimate the genetic correlation between ALS and schizophrenia to be 14.3% (7.05-21.6; P=1 × 10-4) with schizophrenia polygenic risk scores explaining up to 0.12% of the variance in ALS (P=8.4 × 10-7). A modest increase in comorbidity of ALS and schizophrenia is expected given these findings (odds ratio 1.08-1.26) but this would require very large studies to observe epidemiologically. We identify five potential novel ALS-associated loci using conditional false discovery rate analysis. It is likely that shared neurobiological mechanisms between these two disorders will engender novel hypotheses in future preclinical and clinical studies.
Original languageItalian
Pages (from-to)14774
JournalNature Communications
Volume8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 21 2017

Cite this

McLaughlin, R. L., Schijven, D., Van Rheenen, W., van Eijk, K. R., O'Brien, M., Kahn, R. S., Ophoff, R. A., Goris, A., Bradley, D. G., Al-Chalabi, A., Van Den Berg, L. H., Luykx, J. J., Hardiman, O., Veldink, J. H., Shatunov, A., Dekker, A. M., Diekstra, F. P., Pulit, S. L., van der Spek, R. A. A., ... O'Donovan, M. C. (2017). Genetic correlation between amyotrophic lateral sclerosis and schizophrenia. Nature Communications, 8, 14774. https://doi.org/10.1038/ncomms14774