The chronic stimulation of the immune system due to the presence of bacterial antigens within periodontal tissues has been associated with several autoimmune diseases, like diabetes mellitus, infective endocarditis or cardiovascular atherosclerosis. The current study aims at evaluating the correlation between Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) and Periodontal Disease (PD) with special attention to genetic polymorphisms in cytokine expression. A total number of 34 patients affected by RA were recruited. Each of them underwent haematochemical analysis and data were collected for Rheumatoid Factor (RF), Anti-Citrullinated Protein's Antibody (CCP) and HLA-BDR1. DAS-28 questionnaire for disease activity was fulfilled by the rheumatologist, while a periodontal examination was carried out by the dental clinician and crevicular fluid samples were collected to evaluate the IL-6, IL-10 and VDR polymorphysms. A connection between CCP and IL-10 polymorphisms was found, with IL-10 expressing protecting tendency against periodontal disease when CCP are found in the bloodstream (p=0.0017). Finally, males mainly expressed IL-10 predisposing genes (p=0.046), while females showed a greater tendency to express RF (p=0.014) and CCP (p=0.050). This paper corroborates the idea of a correlation between sex, IL-10 polymorphisms and RA, which should be studied in depth, since recent papers have shown that IL-10 injected into joints seems to decrease inflammation. © Copyright by BIOLIFE, s.a.s.
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents|
|Issue number||2, Suppl.1|
|Publication status||Published - 2017|
Azzi, L., Rania, S., Spadari, F., Vinci, R., Manfredini, M., Croveri, F., Boggio, A., Tettamanti, L., Tagliabue, A., Silvestre-Rangil, J., & Bellintani, C. (2017). Genetic correlation between rheumatoid arthritis & periodontal disease: The role of sex & IL-10. Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents, 31(2, Suppl.1), 67-75. http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85031773624&partnerID=8YFLogxK