Genetic instability and chromosomal aberrations in colorectal cancer: A review of the current models

C. R. Boland, J. Sato, K. Saito, J. M. Carethers, G. Marra, L. Laghi, D. P. Chauhan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Our understanding of the pathogenesis of cancer has undergone a revolution over the past decade. Tumors develop by the accumulation of damage to genes that regulate cell growth. Many of the genes responsible for disregulation of cell growth have been identified, as have the processes that lead to the genetic damage. One of the most important concepts that has facilitated our understanding of carcinogenesis is that of genetic or 'genomic' instability, which is required to permit a sufficient amount of genetic damage to accumulate to permit the neoplastic phenotype to emerge and evolve. Two mechanisms that lead to genomic instability - one of which involves the loss of chromosomal fragments from the nucleus, and a second which is characterized by microsatellite instability - are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)377-382
Number of pages6
JournalCancer Detection and Prevention
Volume22
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1998

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Keywords

  • Allelic loss
  • Colorectal cancer
  • DNA mismatch repair
  • Genomic instability
  • Microsatellite instability

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research
  • Oncology

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