Genetic mapping of blood pressure quantitative trait loci in Milan hypertensive rats

Laura Zagato, Rossana Modica, Monica Florio, Lucia Torielli, M. T. Bihoreau, Giuseppe Bianchi, Grazia Tripodi

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Abstract

In a previous study, by using a candidate gene approach, we detected in both Milan hypertensive rats and humans a polymorphism in the α-adducin gene (ADD1) that was associated with blood pressure and renal sodium handling. In the present study, a genomewide search with 264 informative markers was undertaken in 251 (Milan hypertensive strain x Milan normotensive strain) F2 rats to further investigate the contribution of the adducin gene family (Add1, Add2, and Add3) and to identify novel quantitative trait loci (QTLs) that affect blood pressure. The influence of 2 different methods of blood pressure measurement, the intracarotid catheter and the tail-cuff method, was also evaluated. We found evidence that QTLs affected systolic blood pressure (SBP) measured at the carotid (direct SBP) on rat chromosome 1 with a logarithm of the odds (LOD) score peak of 3.3 on D1Rat121 and on rat chromosome 14 on Add1 locus (LOD=3.2). A QTL for SBP measured at the tail (indirect SBP) was found on rat chromosome 10 around D10Rat33 (LOD=5.0). All of these QTLs identified chromosomal regions not detected in other rat studies and harbor genes (Na+/H+ exchanger A3; α-adducin; α(1B)-adrenergic receptor) that may be involved in blood pressure regulation. Therefore, these findings may be relevant to human hypertension, also in consideration of the biochemical and pathophysiological similarities between MHS and a subgroup of patients of primary hypertension, which led to the identification of α-adducin as a candidate gene in both species.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)734-739
Number of pages6
JournalHypertension
Volume36
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2000

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Keywords

  • Genes
  • Hypertension, essential
  • Rats, inbred strains

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine

Cite this

Zagato, L., Modica, R., Florio, M., Torielli, L., Bihoreau, M. T., Bianchi, G., & Tripodi, G. (2000). Genetic mapping of blood pressure quantitative trait loci in Milan hypertensive rats. Hypertension, 36(5), 734-739.