Genetic susceptibility of mesocortical dopamine to stress determines liability to inhibition of mesoaccumbens dopamine and to behavioral 'despair' in a mouse model of depression

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Abstract

Clinical and preclinical research suggests a major role of mesocortical dopamine (DA) in psychopathology through regulation of subcortical, especially mesoaccumbens, DA functioning. In these experiments we demonstrate that the high vulnerability to stress-induced 'despair' and mesoaccumbens DA inhibition, exhibited by mice of the inbred strain C57BL/6 (C57) in a common animal model of depression, depends on their being highly susceptible to stress-induced mesocortical DA activation. Thus, C57 mice but not mice of the DBA/2 strain showed an extremely high level of immobility on their first experience with the forced swimming test (FST) as well as immediate and strong activation of mesocortical DA metabolism and inhibition of mesoaccumbens DA metabolism and release. In addition, the behavioral and the mesoaccumbens DA responses to FST in C57 mice were reduced and reversed, respectively, by bilateral mesocortical DA depletion. Finally, chronic treatment with the antidepressant clomipramine reduced immobility and eliminated both mesocortical DA activation and mesoaccumbens DA inhibition in response to FST. These results suggest that a genetically determined susceptibility to stress by the mesocortical DA system may favor the development of pathological behavioral responses through inhibition of subcortical DA transmission.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)999-1007
Number of pages9
JournalNeuroscience
Volume115
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 16 2002

Fingerprint

Genetic Predisposition to Disease
Dopamine
Depression
Inbred C57BL Mouse
Inhibition (Psychology)
Clomipramine
Inbred DBA Mouse
Inbred Strains Mice
Psychopathology
Antidepressive Agents
Animal Models

Keywords

  • Forced swimming test
  • Genotype
  • Inbred mice
  • Nucleus accumbens
  • Prefrontal cortex

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)

Cite this

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title = "Genetic susceptibility of mesocortical dopamine to stress determines liability to inhibition of mesoaccumbens dopamine and to behavioral 'despair' in a mouse model of depression",
abstract = "Clinical and preclinical research suggests a major role of mesocortical dopamine (DA) in psychopathology through regulation of subcortical, especially mesoaccumbens, DA functioning. In these experiments we demonstrate that the high vulnerability to stress-induced 'despair' and mesoaccumbens DA inhibition, exhibited by mice of the inbred strain C57BL/6 (C57) in a common animal model of depression, depends on their being highly susceptible to stress-induced mesocortical DA activation. Thus, C57 mice but not mice of the DBA/2 strain showed an extremely high level of immobility on their first experience with the forced swimming test (FST) as well as immediate and strong activation of mesocortical DA metabolism and inhibition of mesoaccumbens DA metabolism and release. In addition, the behavioral and the mesoaccumbens DA responses to FST in C57 mice were reduced and reversed, respectively, by bilateral mesocortical DA depletion. Finally, chronic treatment with the antidepressant clomipramine reduced immobility and eliminated both mesocortical DA activation and mesoaccumbens DA inhibition in response to FST. These results suggest that a genetically determined susceptibility to stress by the mesocortical DA system may favor the development of pathological behavioral responses through inhibition of subcortical DA transmission.",
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AB - Clinical and preclinical research suggests a major role of mesocortical dopamine (DA) in psychopathology through regulation of subcortical, especially mesoaccumbens, DA functioning. In these experiments we demonstrate that the high vulnerability to stress-induced 'despair' and mesoaccumbens DA inhibition, exhibited by mice of the inbred strain C57BL/6 (C57) in a common animal model of depression, depends on their being highly susceptible to stress-induced mesocortical DA activation. Thus, C57 mice but not mice of the DBA/2 strain showed an extremely high level of immobility on their first experience with the forced swimming test (FST) as well as immediate and strong activation of mesocortical DA metabolism and inhibition of mesoaccumbens DA metabolism and release. In addition, the behavioral and the mesoaccumbens DA responses to FST in C57 mice were reduced and reversed, respectively, by bilateral mesocortical DA depletion. Finally, chronic treatment with the antidepressant clomipramine reduced immobility and eliminated both mesocortical DA activation and mesoaccumbens DA inhibition in response to FST. These results suggest that a genetically determined susceptibility to stress by the mesocortical DA system may favor the development of pathological behavioral responses through inhibition of subcortical DA transmission.

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