Genetic testing of inherited arrhythmias

Carlo Napolitano

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Syncope and risk of sudden death due to ventricular tachyarrhythmia are the common manifestations of several inherited disorders. Abnormalities of the genetic makeup may directly affect proteins controlling cardiac excitability in a structurally normal heart. Other diseases manifest primarily with ventricular arrhythmias even though the genetic mutations cause structural abnormalities of the myocardium. This is the case of arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy and hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. Groundbreaking discoveries, starting from the 1990s until the beginning of the current decade, have provided fundamental knowledge on the major genes that confer an increased risk of arrhythmias and sudden death. Stems of such knowledge are the availability of genetic diagnosis, genotype-phenotype correlation, and genotypebased risk stratification schemes currently used in the clinical practice. This review provides a concise description of the known genes and key mechanisms involved in the pathogenesis of inherited arrhythmias. In addition, we outline possibilities, limitations, advantages, and potential threats of genetically screening for these genes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)980-987
Number of pages8
JournalPediatric Cardiology
Volume33
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2012

Keywords

  • Cardiac arrhythmias
  • Cardiac electrophysiology
  • Genetics
  • Ion channels
  • Sudden death

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Genetic testing of inherited arrhythmias'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this