Genetics and novel aspects of therapies in systemic lupus erythematosus

Manfred Relle, Julia Weinmann-Menke, Eva Scorletti, Lorenzo Cavagna, Andreas Schwarting

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Autoimmune diseases, such as rheumatoid arthritis, multiple sclerosis, autoimmune hepatitis and inflammatory bowel disease, have complex pathogeneses and the factors which cause these disorders are not well understood. But all have in common that they arise from a dysfunction of the immune system, interpreting self components as foreign antigens. Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is one of these complex inflammatory disorders that mainly affects women and can lead to inflammation and severe damage of virtually any tissue and organ. Recently, the application of advanced techniques of genome-wide scanning revealed more genetic information about SLE than previously possible. These case-control or family-based studies have provided evidence that SLE susceptibility is based (with a few exceptions) on an individual accumulation of various risk alleles triggered by environmental factors and also help to explain the discrepancies in SLE susceptibility between different populations or ethnicities. Moreover, during the past years new therapies (autologous stem cell transplantation, B cell depletion) and improved conventional treatment options (corticosteroids, traditional and new immune-suppressants like mycophenolate mofetile) changed the perspective in SLE therapeutic approaches. Thus, this article reviews genetic aspects of this autoimmune disease, summarizes clinical aspects of SLE and provides a general overview of conventional and new therapeutic approaches in SLE.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1005-1018
Number of pages14
JournalAutoimmunity Reviews
Volume14
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 1 2015

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Keywords

  • Environmental factors
  • Epistasis
  • Genetics
  • GWAS
  • Interferon signature
  • Systemic lupus erythematosus

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology
  • Immunology and Allergy

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