Genome-wide analysis of LPS-induced inflammatory response in the rat ventral hippocampus: Modulatory activity of the antidepressant agomelatine

Andrea Carlo Rossetti, Maria Serena Paladini, Giorgio Racagni, Marco Andrea Riva, Annamaria Cattaneo, Raffaella Molteni

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objectives: Several studies reported that antidepressant drugs have immune-regulatory effects by acting on specific inflammatory mediators. However, considering the highly complex nature of the inflammatory response, we have adopted an unbiased genome-wide strategy to investigate the immune-regulatory activity of the antidepressant agomelatine in modulating the response to an acute inflammatory challenge. Methods: Microarray analysis was used to identify genes modulated in the ventral hippocampus of adult rats chronically treated with agomelatine (40 mg/kg, os) before being challenged with a single injection of lipopolysaccharide (LPS; 250 μg/kg, i.p.). Results: The administration of LPS induced the transcription of 284 genes mainly associated with pathways related to the immune/inflammatory system. Agomelatine modulated pathways not only connected to its antidepressant activity, but was also able to prevent the activation of genes induced by LPS. Further comparisons between gene lists of the diverse experimental groups led to the identification of a few transcripts modulated by LPS on which agomelatine has the larger effect of normalisation. Among them, we found the pro-inflammatory cytokine Il-1β and, interestingly, the metabotropic glutamatergic transporter Grm2. Conclusions: These results are useful to better characterise the association between depression and inflammation, revealing new potential targets for pharmacological intervention for depression associated to inflammation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-12
Number of pages12
JournalWorld Journal of Biological Psychiatry
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - Mar 20 2017

Keywords

  • agomelatine
  • antidepressant
  • lipopolysaccharide
  • Microarray
  • neuroinflammation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Biological Psychiatry

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Genome-wide analysis of LPS-induced inflammatory response in the rat ventral hippocampus: Modulatory activity of the antidepressant agomelatine'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this