Genomic variants associated with primary biliary cirrhosis

Carlo Selmi, Natalie J. Torok, Andrea Affronti, M. Eric Gershwin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC) is an autoimmune hepatobiliary disease characterized by immune-mediated injury of small and medium-sized bile ducts, eventually leading to liver cirrhosis. Several studies have addressed PBC immunopathology, and the data support an immune activation leading to autoantibodies and autoreactive T cells acting against the lipoylated 2-oxoacid dehydrogenase complexes. The causes of the disease remain unknown, but environmental factors and genetic susceptibility both contribute to its onset. Over the past two decades several association studies have addressed the role of genetic polymorphisms in PBC pathogenesis and have reported multiple associations. However, only a few studies had sufficient statistical power, and in most cases results were not independently validated. A genome-wide association study has recently been reported, but this too awaits independent confirmation. The aim of this present work is to critically review the numerous studies dedicated to revealing genetic associations in PBC, and to predict the potential for future studies based on these data.

Original languageEnglish
Article number5
JournalGenome Medicine
Volume2
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 26 2010

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics(clinical)
  • Genetics
  • Molecular Biology
  • Molecular Medicine

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